Tourist Places in Rohtas

The famous Tourist Places in Rohtas, Bihar include Bandu shivling, Gurudwara Chacha Phagumal, Gurudwara Taksal Sanghat, Gupta Dham, Megalithic Tombs, Dhoop Ghadi, Chaurasan Temple, Karamchat Dam and Dhuwan Kund.

About Rohtas, Bihar

1. Historical Fort Rohtas is known for the Rohtas Fort, a historical monument built during the 16th century by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri. The fort is an architectural marvel and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. Sher Shah Suri’s Legacy The Rohtas Fort was constructed as a military stronghold to control the region and safeguard against external threats. It stands as a testament to Sher Shah Suri’s administrative and strategic prowess.

3. Architectural Brilliance The fort’s architecture showcases a blend of Afghan, Indian, and Persian styles. It features massive stone walls, bastions, gates, and decorative motifs that highlight the ingenuity of the builders.

4. Strategic Location Rohtas Fort’s location atop a hill provided a strategic advantage for surveillance and defense. The site’s topography was utilized to create a formidable fortification.

5. Cultural Heritage Rohtas holds cultural significance due to its association with historical events and figures. The fort is a reminder of the region’s past and the dynasties that once ruled over it.

6. Chandan Shaheed Stupa Apart from the fort, Rohtas is also home to the Chandan Shaheed Stupa, a Buddhist monument believed to be associated with the Buddha’s disciple Ananda.

7. Sone River The Sone River flows through Rohtas, adding to the region’s natural beauty. The river’s presence has influenced the area’s geography, culture, and agriculture.

8. Diverse Demography Rohtas has a diverse population comprising various communities, reflecting the multicultural fabric of Bihar.

9. Economic Activities Agriculture forms the backbone of the local economy, with crops like rice, wheat, and pulses being cultivated. The proximity to the Sone River also contributes to agricultural activities.

10. Religious Diversity Rohtas hosts a variety of religious sites, including temples, mosques, and churches, showcasing the harmonious coexistence of different faiths.

11. Tourism Hub The Rohtas Fort attracts tourists, history enthusiasts, and architecture admirers from all over the country. The site’s cultural and historical value makes it a popular destination.

12. Connectivity Rohtas is well-connected by road and rail, making it accessible for travelers and visitors.

13. Conservation Efforts Efforts are being made to preserve and maintain the Rohtas Fort as a historical treasure. Conservation initiatives aim to protect the site’s architectural and cultural heritage.

14. Folk Culture The region has a rich tradition of folk music, dance, and art that reflects the local culture and heritage.

15. Conclusion Rohtas, Bihar, stands as a blend of historical significance, architectural brilliance, and cultural diversity. From the grandeur of the Rohtas Fort to the peacefulness of the Sone River, the area offers a glimpse into the past while embracing the present.

How to Reach Rohtas, Bihar

BY BUS

Sasaram is strategically located on the Grand Trunk Road (NH-2), ensuring excellent connectivity. The town enjoys regular bus services connecting it to major cities such as Patna, Ara, Bilaspur, Varanasi, New Delhi, Kolkata, Bokaro, Jamshedpur, and others across the country.

BY TRAIN

Sasaram is located on the Grand Chord Section (Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line) of the Indian Railways. It enjoys regular train services from other major cities across the country.

Key Railway Stations:

  • Sasaram Junction (SSM)
  • Dehri-on-Sone (DOS)
  • Bikramganj (XBKJ)

BY AIR

Instead of relying solely on Sasaram, you have the option to catch regular flights from Patna Airport.

Here are the distances from Sasaram to nearby airports:

  • Gaya Airport (GAY), Gaya, Bihar: 98 km away
  • Patna Airport (PAT), Patna, Bihar: 157 km away
  • Varanasi Airport (VNS), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh: 120 km away

Tourist Places in Rohtas, Bihar

Bandu shivling

1. Geographic Location Around 0.5 kilometers southwest of Bandu village, situated to the south of Rohtas hill, a remarkable Shivling is nestled on a platform constructed atop a massive boulder within the flowing waters of the Sone river.

2. Historical Legacy The Shivling is believed to hold an intriguing history, potentially dating back to ancient times. According to local legends and tales, it is said to have been consecrated by none other than the mythological figure Lankapati Ravana.

3. Ravana’s Connection The Shivling is said to bear the name “Dashshishanath” due to its association with Ravana. According to the legends, Ravana’s devotion to Lord Shiva led him to establish this particular Shivling, thereby honoring the deity.

4. Symbolic Offering The act of establishing a Shivling by Ravana underscores his devotion and reverence for Lord Shiva. This act reflects the multifaceted nature of Ravana, showcasing his deep spirituality alongside his other known attributes.

5. Spiritual Significance The Dashshishanath Shivling has grown to become a place of spiritual reverence and pilgrimage for locals and visitors alike. Devotees come to seek blessings, meditate, and connect with the divine energy of Lord Shiva.

6. Natural Setting The placement of the Shivling within the stream of the Sone river adds to the serene and tranquil ambiance of the site. The flowing water, combined with the spiritual significance, creates a unique atmosphere.

7. Local Beliefs The site’s association with Ravana has contributed to its significance in local folklore. The Shivling’s establishment by such a prominent mythological figure enhances its sacredness in the eyes of the people.

8. Cultural Heritage Dashshishanath Shivling is not only a place of religious importance but also a part of the cultural heritage of the region. The stories and legends associated with it contribute to the tapestry of local traditions.

9. Pilgrimage and Worship Devotees make pilgrimages to the Shivling, especially during auspicious occasions and festivals dedicated to Lord Shiva. Rituals, prayers, and offerings are conducted to express devotion and seek blessings.

10. Historical Continuity The Shivling’s existence and the stories surrounding it bridge the gap between ancient myth and modern devotion, allowing generations to connect with the past and uphold the spiritual traditions.

11. Symbol of Unity The Shivling serves as a unifying point for the local community, fostering a sense of collective devotion and shared faith among people of different backgrounds.

12. Preservation and Awareness Efforts to preserve and maintain the site’s sanctity are crucial to ensure that its cultural and historical significance continues to be appreciated by present and future generations.

13. Conclusion The Dashshishanath Shivling, nestled within the Sone river’s waters near Bandu village, not only carries the legacy of mythological narratives but also stands as a symbol of spiritual devotion, cultural heritage, and the enduring connection between past and present.

Gurudwara Chacha Phagumal

1. Introduction Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara holds historical importance as a site visited by the ninth Sikh Guru, Shri Guruteg Bahadur Ji Maharaj, during his journey to eastern India in 1666 AD. This sacred location also marks a significant event in the life of the tenth Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh.

2. Journey to Eastern India In 1666 AD, the ninth Sikh Guru, Shri Guruteg Bahadur Ji Maharaj, along with his wife Mata Gujari Devi, embarked on a journey to eastern India. During this journey, they arrived in Sasaram.

3. The Presence of Guru Gobind Singh At that time, the tenth Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh, was yet to be born and was in the womb of Mata Gujari Devi. The historical sequence of events unfolded during this period.

4. Uncle Fagumal’s House Guru Ji visited the house of his uncle, Fagumal, during his stay in Sasaram. It was within the confines of this house that Guru Ji resided for a span of 21 days.

5. Pilgrimage Site The events that transpired during Guru Ji’s stay at Chacha Fagumal’s house turned it into a place of immense reverence for the Sikh community. It became a pilgrimage site for Sikhs seeking a connection to their history and faith.

6. Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara In honor of the historical significance of Guru Ji’s visit, a Gurudwara named Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara was established at the site. The Gurudwara serves as a center of worship and remembrance.

7. Commemoration of Guru Ji’s Stay Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara commemorates the 21-day stay of Guru Ji. Devotees visit the Gurudwara to pay their respects, seek blessings, and immerse themselves in the history and teachings of Sikhism.

8. Spiritual Sanctum Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara offers a tranquil and spiritually uplifting environment. It serves as a sanctuary for reflection, devotion, and connecting with the Guru’s legacy.

9. Historical Legacy The Gurudwara holds a unique place in Sikh history, connecting Sikhs to their roots and heritage. It keeps alive the memory of Guru Ji’s visit and the profound impact of his teachings.

10. Cultural Identity Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara contributes to the cultural identity of the region, attracting pilgrims and visitors who come to experience the spiritual atmosphere and pay homage.

11. Community Gathering The Gurudwara not only serves as a place of worship but also brings the Sikh community together, fostering a sense of unity, shared devotion, and cultural preservation.

12. Preservation Efforts Efforts to preserve and maintain the Gurudwara ensure that future generations can continue to appreciate and draw inspiration from the historical narrative it represents.

13. Conclusion Chacha Fagumal Gurudwara stands as a bridge between the past and the present, connecting Sikhs to the historical journey of Guru Ji and his teachings. Its existence as a spiritual and cultural beacon exemplifies the profound impact of Sikhism on both individual lives and collective consciousness.

Gurudwara Taksal Sanghat

1. Divine Journey During the journey of Shri Guruteg Bahadur Ji Maharaj to his uncle Fagumal’s house in Sasaram, an incident unfolded that would hold profound spiritual significance.

2. Horse’s Stuck Point While en route, Guru Ji’s horse encountered a point where it got stuck. This spot was the property of Bhai Achal Singh and Jivo Mai, individuals whose lives would be intertwined with a spiritual revelation.

3. Guru Ji’s Insight In that moment, Guru Ji discerned the sanctity of the place. He declared that the location was undoubtedly holy, expressing that a Gurudwara would be established here, named Taksal Sanghat.

4. Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara In line with Guru Ji’s vision, Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara was eventually constructed at this very spot. The Gurudwara’s establishment was born out of Guru Ji’s spiritual insight and divine guidance.

5. Bhai Jivo Mai’s Contribution Bhai Jivo Mai, the owner of the land, recognized the sacred significance of the place. To fulfill Guru Ji’s wish, Bhai Jivo Mai donated this land in the year V. Samvat 1723, marking his dedication to the Guru’s vision.

6. Confluence of Devotion and Generosity The establishment of Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara exemplifies the intersection of devotion and selflessness. Bhai Jivo Mai’s act of donating the land underscored the deep connection between spirituality and acts of service.

7. Symbol of Guru’s Blessing Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara became a symbol of Guru Ji’s blessings and spiritual guidance. Devotees were drawn to this place to experience the divine energy and connect with Guru Ji’s teachings.

8. Fulfillment of Prophecy The construction of Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara marked the realization of Guru Ji’s prophecy at the very spot where his horse had been stuck. This prophecy became a tangible reality through the Gurudwara’s presence.

9. Spiritual Magnetism Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara exudes a sense of spiritual magnetism, drawing devotees seeking solace, blessings, and a deeper connection with Guru Ji’s legacy.

10. Cultural and Historical Legacy The Gurudwara has become an integral part of the cultural and historical fabric of the region. It carries the memory of Guru Ji’s visit, Bhai Jivo Mai’s generosity, and the devotion of countless followers.

11. Community Gathering Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara not only serves as a place of worship but also brings the Sikh community together. It fosters unity, shared devotion, and a sense of belonging.

12. Continuation of Guru’s Vision The Gurudwara stands as a living testament to Guru Ji’s spiritual insight and his vision of establishing a holy place for worship and devotion.

13. Conclusion Taksal Sanghat Gurudwara’s origin story encompasses divine revelation, human generosity, and the embodiment of Guru Ji’s teachings. It represents a sacred haven where the past and present converge, inviting devotees to experience the eternal presence of Guru Ji’s blessings and guidance.

Gupta Dham

1. Natural Cave Sanctuary Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave is a hidden treasure nestled within the scenic landscapes of the Kaimur hills. This natural cave holds spiritual significance and a unique charm due to its distinctive formation.

2. Geological Wonder The cave’s interior holds a remarkable rock formation made of lime deposits. This formation takes the form of a Shivling, a representation of Lord Shiva, adding to the spiritual aura of the cave.

3. Spiritual Center Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave is a sacred space dedicated to Lord Shiva. It serves as a focal point for devotees seeking to connect with the divine energy and immerse themselves in spiritual practices.

4. Natural Splendor The cave’s location within a valley of the Kaimur hills enhances its natural beauty. The surroundings contribute to the serene atmosphere, fostering a sense of peace and contemplation.

5. Gupteshwar Mahadev Shivling The lime deposit Shivling within the cave is often referred to as the Gupteshwar Mahadev Shivling. This unique rock formation becomes a symbol of Lord Shiva’s presence and grace.

6. Religious Festivals The cave becomes particularly vibrant during religious festivals. Shivratri and Basant Panchami mark significant occasions when a fair is held here, drawing a large congregation of devotees.

7. Spiritual Gatherings The fairs held on Shivratri and Basant Panchami bring together a diverse crowd of devotees. The cave becomes a focal point for communal worship, reflection, and devotion.

8. Pilgrimage Destination Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave transforms into a pilgrimage destination during these festive times. Pilgrims and visitors alike are drawn to the cave’s spiritual significance and the sense of unity it fosters.

9. Cultural Traditions The fairs and gatherings at the cave highlight the region’s cultural traditions. They provide an opportunity for people to come together, celebrate, and share in their spiritual practices.

10. Natural vs. Spiritual The combination of the cave’s natural beauty and its spiritual resonance creates a unique juxtaposition, allowing visitors to experience both a sense of awe for the natural world and a connection to the divine.

11. Sense of Belonging The cave serves as a place where devotees can experience a sense of belonging to a larger spiritual community. It reinforces the collective devotion shared among attendees.

12. Ongoing Legacy Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave continues to uphold its legacy of spirituality and cultural significance. It preserves the connection between the local community and their devotion to Lord Shiva.

13. Conclusion Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave stands as a hidden haven where nature’s beauty and spiritual devotion intertwine. Its lime deposit Shivling and the fairs held in its honor provide a unique opportunity for individuals to seek solace, experience unity, and connect with the divine in the midst of nature’s splendor.

Megalithic Tombs

1. Historic Discovery Archaeological exploration of megalithic cultural sites has been conducted for the first time in the Kaimur hill of Rohtas district, Bihar. This exploration sheds light on ancient burial practices and cultural traditions.

2. Tribal Inhabitants The Kaimur hill region has been inhabited by various tribes, including Nishad-vanshi tribes like Kharwar, Munda, and Santhal. Additionally, the Dravidian-origin Oraon tribe has a historical presence in this area.

3. Megalithic Burial Tradition The tradition of megalithic burials has been ingrained in the cultural practices of these tribes since time immemorial. Both the Nishad-vanshi branches and the Dravidian-vanshi Oraon tribe have maintained this tradition over the ages.

4. Continuing Legacy The megalithic burial tradition remains alive in the present day among these tribes, contributing to the preservation of their cultural heritage and identity.

5. Unveiling Megalithic Remains Recent archaeological endeavors have led to the discovery of significant megalithic remains in the Kaimur hills of Bihar. Two specific sites, Rohtasgarh and Hurmeta, have yielded remarkable findings.

6. Rohtasgarh Sites Among the discovered sites in Rohtasgarh, five megalithic sites have been identified. These sites feature “Sangora Samadhis” or cairn circles, along with pairs of “Stone pillars” (Menhir) adorned with small chuchuks.

7. Hurmeta Site The Hurmeta site, located in the Nauhatta block, is another megalithic cultural site. It boasts eight large and small stone pillars (Menhir), with evidence suggesting the presence of over 30 stone pillars in the past.

8. Estimated Age The megalithic tombs found in these sites are estimated to date from around 1500 BC to 500 BC, providing valuable insights into the historical timeline of the region’s cultural practices.

9. Significance of Discovery The convergence of these megalithic tombs in the Kaimur hill region holds immense significance not only for the archaeology of Bihar but also on a national scale, marking a milestone in Indian archaeology.

10. Cultural Continuity The discovery of megalithic remains affirms the continuity of cultural practices and traditions that have persisted over millennia. It reinforces the connection between past and present.

11. Preserving Cultural Heritage Explorations like these contribute to the documentation and preservation of indigenous cultures and their unique burial rituals, offering a deeper understanding of human history.

12. Archaeological Insight The findings from these sites provide archaeologists and historians with valuable data to reconstruct the social, cultural, and religious aspects of the ancient inhabitants.

13. Future Implications The exploration of megalithic sites in the Kaimur hill region has the potential to reshape historical narratives and enhance our understanding of the region’s cultural evolution.

14. Conclusion The discovery of megalithic cultural sites in Kaimur hill, Bihar, not only unveils a rich history of burial practices but also adds a new layer of insight to the cultural heritage of the region. This exploration stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of these tribes and their contributions to the tapestry of Indian history.

Dhoop Ghadi

  • The British were responsible for creating this unique clock.
  • The clock was situated on Anicut Road, Dehri, and its establishment took place in the year 1871.
  • Uniquely, this clock tells time through sunlight, setting it apart from traditional timekeeping methods.
  • The primary users of this innovative timepiece were the workers employed in the irrigation department.
  • The clock is positioned on a solid rock platform, adding to its durability and stability.
  • To display the time, the clock features both Hindi and Roman numerals, catering to a broader audience.
  • This clock served as an important tool for the workers, helping them manage their schedules and work tasks more efficiently.
  • The clock’s use of sunlight to indicate time highlights its reliance on natural resources and its sustainable design.
  • The combination of Hindi and Roman numerals showcases an effort to accommodate different linguistic and cultural preferences.
  • The installation of the clock on a rock platform indicates careful planning and engineering to ensure its accuracy and longevity.

Chaurasan Temple

  • The temple is situated in proximity to the Rohtasgarh fort.
  • To access the temple, one needs to travel for approximately 2 hours from the Rohtas block headquarters.
  • The temple is renowned for its ancient and captivating architecture, adding to its beauty and historical significance.
  • Visitors have the opportunity to explore the Rohtasgarh fort in conjunction with their visit to the temple, making for a fulfilling outing.
  • The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, one of the most revered deities in Hinduism.
  • The journey to the temple involves ascending a flight of 84 stairs, which is an integral part of the temple’s identity and name.
  • The temple derives its name “Chaurasan” from the count of stairs, reflecting the connection between its physical attributes and nomenclature.
  • The act of climbing the stairs can be seen as a symbolic journey, often associated with a spiritual or devotional experience.
  • The temple’s location atop a series of stairs emphasizes its elevation and prominence within the landscape.
  • Pilgrims and tourists who visit the temple not only partake in a religious or cultural excursion but also engage in a physical and symbolic ascent.

Karamchat Dam

  • The tourist site near Chenari in Rohtas district is a popular destination, located about 35 kilometers from Sasaram.
  • The captivating view during both sunrise and sunset adds to the allure of this location, offering a picturesque and serene experience.
  • In response to a severe famine in 1966, the “Durgavati Reservoir Project” was conceived to provide irrigation to previously unirrigated regions in the plains of Rohtas.
  • The project received approval after inspection by notable figures including Agriculture Minister AR Kidwai and Irrigation Minister K.L. Rao, who assessed the Durgavati Dam site.
  • The foundation stone for the dam was laid on June 10, 1976, by Union Agriculture Minister Babu Jagjivan Ram.
  • Despite initial expectations of water being supplied to the canals by 1980, the project faced numerous delays and obstacles.
  • In December 2011, the Supreme Court and the ministry granted permission to proceed with the project, resuming work in early 2012.
  • By 2014, approximately Rs 1064 crore had been invested in the project, which also led to the employment of 184 individuals impacted by the scheme.
  • The dam was officially inaugurated on October 15, 2014, by then Chief Minister Shri Jitan Ram Manjhi, fulfilling the aspirations of the local farmers.
  • The dam’s irrigation capacity encompasses 40131 hectares in Gross Command Area (GCA) and 33467 hectares in Agriculture Command Area (ACC).
  • With a dam height of 46.3 meters and a length of 1615.40 meters, it possesses a substantial water storage capacity.
  • The dam’s total storage capacity is 287.7 million cubic meters, with a useful storage capacity of 257.5 million cubic meters.
  • At full reservoir level, the submerged area covers 2337 hectares.
  • The dam sources water from rainwater in a 627 sq. km area of Kaimur hills, utilizing canals on both the east and west sides.
  • The right main canal spans 34.08 km, while the left main canal covers 22.6 km, providing irrigation to several blocks in Rohtas and Kaimur districts.
  • Additionally, the Kudra Weir canal irrigates 16200 hectares of land.
  • The completion of this project has not only addressed irrigation needs but also contributed to the livelihoods of the local population and the overall development of the region.

Dhuwan Kund

  • Dhuwan Kund is a prominent destination located on Kaimur Hill, a mere 15 kilometers away from Sasaram.
  • This picturesque location is nestled within the lush greenery of the surrounding landscape, making it a captivating natural attraction.
  • The waterfall at Dhuwan Kund holds a special allure, particularly during the moments of sunrise and sunset.
  • The interplay of light during these times creates a mesmerizing spectacle, with the water of the waterfall glistening in the sunlight.
  • The sparkling water takes on a radiant glow, casting a dazzling array of colors and shades that enhance the natural beauty of the area.
  • Dhuwan Kund’s positioning within the landscape and its tranquil atmosphere make it an ideal spot for those seeking serene and scenic environments.
  • The waterfall’s presence adds an element of dynamic movement to the overall landscape, contributing to the serene ambiance.
  • Visitors to Dhuwan Kund have the opportunity to witness nature’s artistry at its finest, as the changing light transforms the waterfall and its surroundings.
  • The interaction of light, water, and nature in this setting offers a unique and captivating experience for tourists and nature enthusiasts alike.
  • This natural spectacle showcases the harmony between the elements of earth, water, and light, creating a memorable and enchanting scene.
  • Dhuwan Kund’s popularity likely stems from its ability to provide a serene escape and a chance to witness the breathtaking beauty of nature’s phenomena.

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