Tourist Places in Patna

The famous Tourist Places in Patna, Bihar include Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden, Mahavir Temple, Patna Museum, Pathar Ki Masjid and Sher Shah Suri Majid.

About Patna, Bihar

  1. Historical Capital:
    • Patna is the capital city of the Indian state of Bihar.
    • It has a rich historical background and has been an important center since ancient times.
  2. Ganga River:
    • The city is situated on the southern bank of the Ganges (Ganga) River.
    • The river has played a crucial role in the city’s development and cultural heritage.
  3. Ancient Pataliputra:
    • Patna was historically known as Pataliputra, one of the ancient capital cities of India.
    • It was a significant political, economic, and cultural hub during various dynasties.
  4. Historical Significance:
    • Pataliputra was the capital of several empires, including the Mauryan and Gupta Empires.
    • It witnessed the rule of great emperors like Ashoka the Great and Chandragupta Maurya.
  5. Religious Diversity:
    • Patna is home to various religious sites, reflecting its diverse population and cultural heritage.
    • It includes Hindu temples, mosques, churches, and Sikh gurdwaras.
  6. Educational Hub:
    • Patna is known for its educational institutions, including Patna University, one of the oldest universities in India.
  7. Modern Infrastructure:
    • The city has seen modernization in recent years, with improved infrastructure, transportation, and urban development.
  8. Cultural Festivals:
    • Patna celebrates various cultural festivals, including Chhath Puja, a significant festival dedicated to the Sun God.
  9. Golghar:
    • Golghar is an iconic historical structure in Patna, built during the British colonial era.
    • It was initially constructed as a granary and offers panoramic views of the city.
  10. Patna Museum:
    • The Patna Museum showcases a diverse collection of artifacts, sculptures, and historical treasures.
  11. Economic Center:
    • Patna serves as an economic center, with trade, commerce, and various industries contributing to its growth.
  12. Political Significance:
    • Patna’s political significance is highlighted as it serves as the seat of the Bihar state government.
  13. Transportation Hub:
    • The city is well-connected by rail, road, and air, making it a crucial transportation hub in the region.
  14. Mahavir Mandir:
    • Mahavir Mandir is a famous temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman, attracting devotees from all over.
  15. Cultural Heritage:
    • Patna’s historical sites, museums, and cultural landmarks contribute to its status as a center of cultural heritage.
  16. Evolving Urban Landscape:
    • The city is witnessing rapid urbanization and development, blending its ancient legacy with modern progress.

How to Reach Patna, Bihar


Patna district benefits from a well-developed road network. National Highway No.- 31 runs through Danapur, Patna, and Patna City. One branch leads to Barauni via Barh, while another goes to Nawada via Bihar. All sub-divisional headquarters of the district (excluding the recently established subdivision of Masaurhi) are positioned along this National Highway, facilitating the road connection between North and South Bihar. Destinations like Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Ranchi, and Siliguri are easily accessible by road from Patna. Additionally, intra-city road transportation within Patna is efficient and reliable.


The Ganges remains navigable year-round, supporting significant boat traffic for cargo transport. Smaller rivers like Punpun and Dardha become navigable primarily during the monsoon season. During this time, they are utilized for transporting agricultural produce to the grain market at Fatwah.


The primary line of the East Central Railway stretches across the entire length of the district, running parallel to the Ganga. Within the district, there are three significant railway lines from north to south: the Patna Gaya Branch line, the Fatwah-Islampur Light Railway, and the Bakhtiarpur-Rajgir Branch line. Patna Junction stands as the principal railway station, centrally located in the town, and serves as a pivotal link to major cities across India via an extensive network of express and superfast trains. Some of the key cities connected with Patna include Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Varanasi, Amritsar, Bangalore, Lucknow, and Chennai.


Patna enjoys robust air connectivity with major Indian cities including Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata. The airport, officially known as Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport, pays homage to the revered Indian independence activist and political leader, Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan (1902–1979). Numerous airlines operate regular flights from this airport, contributing to its prominence as a key aviation hub.

Tourist Places in Patna, Bihar

Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden

  1. Location – Baily Road:
    • The Patna Botanical Garden is located on the renowned Baily Road in Patna.
    • Its central location makes it accessible to both residents and tourists.
  2. Rich Diversity – Flora and Fauna:
    • The botanical garden boasts a diverse collection of plants, birds, and animals.
    • It showcases species from different regions of India and even other countries.
  3. Educational and Recreational:
    • The garden serves as an educational hub, offering insights into various plant and animal species.
    • It’s also a recreational space for people of all ages to enjoy nature.
  4. Children’s Attraction:
    • The presence of numerous birds and animals captivates the attention of children.
    • It provides an engaging learning experience and sparks curiosity about wildlife.
  5. Artificial Lake – Boating Experience:
    • A prominent feature is the artificial lake within the garden.
    • Visitors can enjoy boating on the tranquil waters of the lake, adding to the recreational options.
  6. Tree House – Unique Attraction:
    • A unique attraction in the garden is a wooden house built atop a tree.
    • This novel structure piques the interest of visitors, offering a different perspective of the surroundings.
  7. Year-Round Accessibility:
    • The garden remains open throughout the year, allowing locals and tourists to enjoy its offerings at any time.
  8. Festive Celebrations – New Year’s and Holidays:
    • The Patna Botanical Garden comes alive during special occasions like New Year’s Day and holidays.
    • It becomes a hub of festive celebrations, attracting people from Patna and neighboring towns.
  9. Picnics and Cookouts:
    • The garden is a favored destination for picnics and outdoor cookouts.
    • Families and groups gather to enjoy meals and festivities amidst the natural surroundings.
  10. Colorful Celebrations:
    • During festivals, visitors dress in vibrant and colorful attire, adding to the festive atmosphere.
  11. Community Gathering Space:
    • The garden serves as a space for the local community to come together, bond, and celebrate.
  12. Promotion of Nature Appreciation:
    • The garden plays a role in promoting awareness and appreciation for nature’s beauty and diversity.
  13. City’s Green Oasis:
    • The garden’s lush greenery provides a refreshing escape from the urban hustle and bustle of Patna.
  14. Blend of Education and Entertainment:
    • The botanical garden seamlessly combines educational aspects with recreational experiences.
  15. Nature’s Classroom:
    • It serves as a classroom where visitors can learn about various plant species and their habitats.
  16. Tourist Attraction:
    • The Patna Botanical Garden’s unique features make it an appealing destination for tourists exploring the city.

Mahavir Temple

  1. Location – Outside the Station:
    • The Mahavir Temple is situated outside the railway station in Patna.
    • Its location near the station makes it accessible to travelers and devotees.
  2. Distinctive ‘Kalas’ – Brass Ornament:
    • The temple’s high roof is adorned with a sacred ‘Kalas’ made of brass.
    • The brass ornament shines and adds to the temple’s visual appeal.
  3. Historical Origin – British Raj Era:
    • The temple’s history traces back to about sixty years ago, during the British Raj era.
    • It originated in a humble room with a clay-tile roof.
  4. Evolution of the Temple:
    • Initially, the temple was a small structure lit by a single kerosene lamp in the evening.
    • Worshippers refrained from entering the dark room at night due to its environment.
  5. Popularity Boost – Post Partition Influx:
    • The temple gained prominence when Punjabi Hindu refugees arrived in Patna after the partition of India in 1947.
    • The influx of devotees added to the temple’s popularity.
  6. Reconstruction and Transformation:
    • The temple underwent transformations over time.
    • It was rebuilt as a concrete structure after the partition influx in 1947.
  7. Modern Marble Palace:
    • In 1987, the concrete structure was further replaced with a grand marble palace.
    • The temple’s architecture evolved to its present form.
  8. Prominent Features:
    • The temple’s altar, where rituals take place, is elevated to the height of the first floor.
    • The idol of ‘Sankat-Mochan’ Hanuman stands on the altar, holding a significant position.
  9. Shiva-Linga Presence:
    • A Shiva-linga is placed beside the Hanuman idol on the altar.
    • The presence of the Shiva-linga is a significant addition not present in the earlier version of the temple.
  10. Multiple Floors – Marble Elegance:
    • The temple now features two additional marble floors, adding to its grandeur.
    • All the marble floors are meticulously clean and polished.
  11. Idols and Glass Cases:
    • The first floor houses several idols, including one of Jagaddhatri, enclosed within glass cases.
    • The glass cases ensure the protection and visibility of the idols.
  12. Shiva-Linga Enshrined:
    • The second floor holds another Shiva-linga, enclosed within a glass case.
    • Devotees express a wish to pour water on the linga, which is currently restricted due to the glass casing.
  13. Spiritual Ambience and Worship:
    • The temple’s evolution, diverse idols, and sacred spaces create a spiritual ambience.
    • Devotees gather here for worship and connection with the divine.
  14. Cultural and Religious Heritage:
    • The temple reflects the city’s cultural and religious heritage through its architectural changes and the diverse idols it houses.
  15. Pilgrimage and Devotion:
    • The Mahavir Temple serves as a destination for pilgrims and devotees seeking blessings and spiritual solace.
  16. Devotee’s Perspective:
    • The temple’s transformations showcase its journey from a small room to a marble palace, resonating with the experiences of its worshippers.

Patna Museum

  1. Historical Establishment – Oldest in Bihar:
    • The Patna Museum, established in 1917, holds the distinction of being the oldest museum in the Bihar region.
    • Its historical significance adds to its appeal as a cultural institution.
  2. Proximity to Indira Gandhi Planetarium:
    • The museum’s location is conveniently close to the Indira Gandhi Planetarium, making it accessible for visitors interested in both science and culture.
  3. Famous Artifacts – Polished Sandstone Yakshi:
    • Among the museum’s prized possessions is a polished sandstone sculpture of a female attendant or yakshi.
    • This sculpture, found at Didarganj and dating back to the 3rd century, is a notable representation of ancient artistry.
  4. Jain and Buddhist Artifacts:
    • The museum showcases a range of artifacts from different periods.
    • Jain images from the Kushana period and Buddhist Bodhisattvas from the Gandhara region (northwest Pakistan) are notable exhibits from the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD.
  5. Natural History Displays:
    • Patna Museum also boasts a collection of natural history exhibits.
    • Stuffed animals, including some unique and anomalous specimens, contribute to the natural history section’s appeal.
  6. Gigantic Fossilized Tree:
    • A standout exhibit is a colossal fossilized tree, believed to be around 200 million years old and measuring 16 meters in length.
    • This ancient relic offers insights into the Earth’s geological history.
  7. Chinese Art Collection:
    • The museum’s scope extends to Chinese art, offering visitors a glimpse into different cultures and artistic expressions.
  8. Tibetan ‘Thangkas’ – Scroll Paintings:
    • The museum’s second floor is dedicated to Tibetan ‘thangkas,’ which are scroll paintings.
    • These artworks require restoration to preserve their historical and artistic value.
  9. Diverse Collection – Mauryan, Gupta Periods:
    • The Patna Museum houses an assortment of metal and stone sculptures from the Mauryan and Gupta periods.
    • These sculptures provide insights into ancient Indian art and civilization.
  10. Buddhist Influence:
    • The museum’s collection includes Buddhist sculptures that serve as cultural relics and testimonies to the region’s historical connections with Buddhism.
  11. Terracotta Figures – Quaint Representations:
    • Quaint terracotta figures are on display, offering a glimpse into the artistic expressions of the past.
  12. World War Cannon:
    • The museum showcases a cannon from the First World War, reflecting historical military artifacts.
  13. Cultural and Educational Hub:
    • Patna Museum serves as a hub for cultural exploration and educational engagement.
  14. Preservation and Restoration:
    • The museum plays a critical role in preserving and showcasing Bihar’s cultural heritage.
    • The need for restoration highlights the importance of maintaining these artifacts for future generations.
  15. Promoting Art and History:
    • Through its exhibits, Patna Museum promotes the appreciation of art, history, and heritage.
  16. Learning Opportunity:
    • The museum offers visitors the chance to learn about various historical periods, art forms, and the region’s rich cultural tapestry.

Pathar Ki Masjid

  1. Historical Origin – Built in 1621:
    • The Stone Mosque, also known as Pathar Ki Masjid, was constructed in the year 1621.
    • It stands as a historical testament to the architectural and cultural heritage of the time.
  2. Commissioned by Parvezshah – Son of Emperor Jahangir:
    • The mosque’s construction was commissioned by Parvezshah, the son of Emperor Jahangir.
    • Parvezshah held the position of Governor of Bihar during this period.
  3. Adjacent to Har Mandir Sahib:
    • The Stone Mosque is situated in close proximity to the Har Mandir Sahib, creating a notable presence in the architectural landscape.
  4. Governorship of Bihar – Building Legacy:
    • Parvezshah undertook the construction of this beautiful mosque during his tenure as the Governor of Bihar.
    • The mosque stands as a reflection of the architecture of that era.
  5. Location on Ganga Bank – Scenic Setting:
    • Positioned on the bank of the Ganges (Ganga) River, the Stone Mosque boasts a picturesque location.
    • Its setting along the riverbank adds to its serene and scenic ambiance.
  6. Alternative Names – Rich History:
    • The mosque is known by various names, each reflecting different aspects of its history and significance.
    • It’s referred to as Saif Khan’s mosque, Chimmi Ghat mosque, and Sangi Masjid.
  7. Historical Figures and Names:
    • The mosque’s various names are linked to historical figures like Saif Khan, Chimmi Ghat, and Sangi.
    • These names provide insights into the mosque’s connections with different historical contexts.
  8. Architectural Beauty – Legacy of the Past:
    • The Stone Mosque stands as a testament to the architectural skills and aesthetics of the era it was built in.
    • Its design and structure showcase the artistic sensibilities of that time.
  9. Cultural Significance – Reflecting Religious Diversity:
    • The mosque’s presence highlights the cultural and religious diversity of the region.
    • It represents the architectural contributions of different rulers and communities.
  10. Heritage Preservation – Glimpse into the Past:
    • The Stone Mosque stands as a preserved heritage site, offering a glimpse into the past’s architectural styles and historical context.
  11. Architectural Ensemble – Adjacency to Har Mandir Sahib:
    • The proximity of the mosque to the Har Mandir Sahib forms an architectural ensemble, enriching the overall setting.
  12. Riverside Experience – Along the Ganges:
    • The mosque’s location along the Ganga provides visitors with a unique riverside experience.
    • The tranquil surroundings add to the spiritual ambiance of the mosque.
  13. Religious Harmony – Symbol of Coexistence:
    • The mosque’s presence adjacent to other religious structures reflects the harmony and coexistence of different faiths.
  14. Monumental Heritage – Connecting Past and Present:
    • The Stone Mosque stands as a monumental heritage that connects the past and the present, offering insights into historical narratives.
  15. Architectural Marvel – Testament to Creativity:
    • The mosque’s design, materials, and historical legacy position it as an architectural marvel showcasing the creativity of its time.
  16. Cultural and Historical Learning:
    • The Stone Mosque provides an opportunity for cultural and historical learning, inviting visitors to delve into its story and significance.

Sher Shah Suri Majid

  1. Location – West of Dhawalpura:
    • The Sher Shah Suri Mosque is situated to the west of Dhawalpura, within the city of Patna.
    • Its strategic location enhances its prominence as a historical site.
  2. Adjacent to Purab Darwaza:
    • Positioned at the south-west corner of Purab Darwaza, the mosque’s location adds to its significance within the city’s architecture.
  3. Built by Sher Shah – 1540-1545:
    • The mosque was constructed during the reign of Sher Shah in the years 1540-1545.
    • It stands as a commemoration of Sher Shah’s rule during that period.
  4. Afghan Architectural Style – Tribute to Aesthetics:
    • The Sher Shah Suri Mosque embodies the Afghan architectural style, reflecting the aesthetics of the region.
    • It is a tribute to the architectural sensibilities of that era.
  5. Impressive Landmark – Biggest Mosque in Patna:
    • The mosque holds significance as one of the most impressive landmarks in Patna.
    • It stands out not only for its historical value but also for being the largest mosque in the city.
  6. Octagonal Tomb – Tribute to History:
    • Inside the mosque’s compound, an octagonal stone slab tops a tomb.
    • This tomb serves as a tribute to the historical figure and period it represents.
  7. Unique Architecture – Special Plan:
    • The Sher Shah Suri Mosque’s design follows a distinctive architectural plan.
    • The uniqueness of its design adds to its appeal and value as a historical structure.
  8. Central Dome and Surrounding Domes:
    • The mosque features a central dome on the roof, surrounded by four smaller domes.
    • The combination of these domes creates an impressive architectural arrangement.
  9. Optical Illusion – Domed Arrangement:
    • The arrangement of the domes is such that only three are visible from any given angle.
    • From the outside, observers can see three domes despite there being five on the roof.
  10. Symmetry and Aesthetics:
    • The mosque’s architectural design highlights symmetry and aesthetics, reflecting the architectural principles of the time.
  11. Sur Dynasty – Historical Context:
    • The mosque’s construction dates back to the Sur dynasty’s era, linking it to a specific historical context.
  12. Cultural Heritage – Patna’s Historical Fabric:
    • The Sher Shah Suri Mosque contributes to Patna’s cultural heritage, preserving the city’s historical fabric.
  13. Architectural Legacy – Afghan Influence:
    • The mosque stands as a testament to the architectural legacy influenced by the Afghan style of that era.
  14. Landmark’s Visibility – City’s Skyline:
    • The impressive size and unique dome arrangement make the mosque a prominent feature in Patna’s skyline.
  15. Historical Reflection – Insights into the Past:
    • The Sher Shah Suri Mosque serves as a portal to the historical past, offering insights into architecture, design, and the ruler’s legacy.
  16. Architectural Identity – Iconic Representation:
    • The mosque’s architectural identity and grandeur make it an iconic representation of Patna’s historical and cultural significance.

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