Tourist Places in Jaunpur

The famous Tourist Places in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh include Atala Masjid, Jhanjhari Masjid, Masjid Lal Darwaja, Sheetala Maata Chaukiya, Shahi Quila, Jama Masjid and Shahi Pul.

About Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh 

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Jaunpur is located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, along the Gomti River.
  2. Historical Importance:
    • The city has a rich historical background and served as a prominent center during various dynasties, including the Delhi Sultanate and the Sharqi Sultanate.
  3. Founding and Naming:
    • Founded by Feroz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century, Jaunpur was initially named after him as Ferozabad. It was later renamed Jaunpur by Ibrahim Shah Sharqi.
  4. Architectural Heritage:
    • Jaunpur is renowned for its architectural heritage, including mosques, tombs, and other historical structures, showcasing a blend of Indian and Islamic styles.
  5. Atala Masjid:
    • Atala Masjid, built by Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi, is one of the prominent mosques in Jaunpur known for its intricate architecture and detailed craftsmanship.
  6. Jama Masjid:
    • Jama Masjid, another significant mosque, was constructed during the reign of Sultan Mahmud Sharqi and reflects the grandeur of Islamic architecture.
  7. Shahi Pul (Royal Bridge):
    • Shahi Pul, an ancient bridge over the Gomti River, is an architectural marvel known for its historical significance.
  8. Jaunpur Fort:
    • Jaunpur Fort, built during the Sharqi dynasty, is a historical fortification with remnants of its glorious past.
  9. Tombs of Jaunpur:
    • The city is dotted with several tombs, including the tombs of notable personalities like Malik Sarwar and Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan.
  10. Shahganj Mosque:
    • Shahganj Mosque is another architectural gem in Jaunpur, known for its unique design and historical value.
  11. Rulers of Jaunpur:
    • Jaunpur was ruled by various dynasties, including the Delhi Sultanate, Sharqi Sultanate, Lodhi dynasty, and the Mughals.
  12. Educational Heritage:
    • Historically, Jaunpur was known for its educational institutions, contributing to the field of Islamic studies and scholarship.
  13. Jaunpuri Sarees:
    • Jaunpur is also famous for its traditional handwoven sarees, known as Jaunpuri sarees, which are admired for their craftsmanship.
  14. Cultural Diversity:
    • The city reflects cultural diversity, with influences from Hindu, Islamic, and other cultural traditions.
  15. Transportation:
    • Jaunpur is well-connected by road and rail, providing transportation links to major cities in Uttar Pradesh and neighboring states.

How to Reach

By Road

The Jaunpur bus stand is centrally located in the heart of the city. It enjoys excellent connectivity to major destinations such as Varanasi, Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Allahabad, and other significant cities. Both AC and non-AC services provided by UPSRTC buses cater to the transportation needs of commuters traveling to and from Jaunpur, enhancing accessibility to nearby urban centers.

By Train

Jaunpur boasts two railway stations, namely Jaunpur City and Jaunpur Junction. These stations serve as key transportation hubs, providing train services to various important cities and locations across the country.

By Airplane

Jaunpur is conveniently located near Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport in Babatpur, Varanasi, approximately 40 kilometers away. This airport maintains robust connectivity with major metropolitan cities in India, including New Delhi, Mumbai, Agra, Chennai, and Bangalore. Various flights operated by both private and public carriers facilitate seamless travel to and from Jaunpur.

Tourist Places in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh

Atala Masjid

  1. Construction of Atala Masjid:
    • Atala Masjid, a significant historical mosque in Jaunpur, was constructed in 1408 A.D. by Ibrahim Shah Sharqi.
  2. Architectural Influence:
    • The mosque set the architectural standard for the construction of other mosques in Jaunpur, influencing their design and layout.
  3. Beautiful Galleries:
    • Atala Masjid features beautiful galleries that enhance its architectural beauty, showcasing intricate craftsmanship.
  4. Artistic Walls:
    • The mosque is surrounded by artistic walls, adding to its aesthetic appeal and cultural significance.
  5. Impressive Height:
    • Atala Masjid stands tall with a height exceeding 100 feet, making it a prominent landmark in Jaunpur.
  6. Three Gateways:
    • The mosque is equipped with three grand gateways, providing entrances that contribute to its majestic presence.
  7. Total Perimeter:
    • The total perimeter of Atala Masjid spans 248 feet, underscoring the expansive and grand nature of the mosque.
  8. Construction Initiated by Feroze Shah:
    • The construction of Atala Masjid was initiated by Feroze Shah in the year 1393 A.D., showcasing the historical timeline of its development.

Jhanjhari Masjid

  1. Location in Sipah Locality:
    • The mosque is situated in the Sipah locality of Jaunpur, positioned on the northern bank of the Gomti River.
  2. Builder – Ibrahim Sharki:
    • Constructed by Ibrahim Sharki, this mosque was built concurrently with the construction of Atala and Khalis mosques. The Sipah locality was settled by Ibrahim Sharki himself.
  3. Purpose of Sipah Locality:
    • Sipah locality served as a multifunctional area, housing the army’s elephants, camels, horses, and mules. Additionally, it was a place for saints and pandits.
  4. Unique Architectural Features:
    • The mosque features extremely beautiful “jhanjhariyas” (arches), showcasing intricate architectural details.
  5. Association with Sikandar Lodhi:
    • Sikandar Lodhi ordered the demolition of this mosque. Despite the destruction, the central arch remains, providing insight into its original grandeur.
  6. Comparison with Atala and Jama Masjid:
    • While relatively smaller in size, the mosque is considered extremely beautiful, especially when compared to the expansive Atala Masjid and Jama Masjid in terms of length and breadth.
  7. Impact of Floods:
    • The mosque has suffered significant damage from floods over time, impacting its structural integrity.
  8. Arch Dimensions:
    • The central arch, still standing, is 35 feet high and 32 feet wide, adding to the mosque’s grand architectural presence.
  9. Post-Demolition Use of Stones:
    • After the demolition by Sikandar Lodhi, many stones from this mosque were repurposed in the construction of the Shahi Bridge.
  10. Historical Significance:
    • Despite facing challenges and demolition, the mosque stands as a beautiful example of early architecture, representing a significant historical and cultural legacy.

Masjid Lal Darwaja

  1. Builder – V.V. Raje:
    • The mosque was constructed by V.V. Raje, the wife of Sultan Mahamud Shah Sharki, in the year 1455 A.D.
  2. Location – Begumganj:
    • Situated at Begumganj, a mile north of the city of Jaunpur, the mosque holds a significant position in the historical landscape.
  3. Architectural Dimensions:
    • The outer area of the mosque spans 212 x 188 square feet, contributing to its considerable size and presence.
  4. Gateways and Courtyard:
    • The mosque features three gateways providing entrances and encompasses a courtyard, reflecting common architectural elements of the time.
  5. Inscriptions on Pillars:
    • Within the mosque, inscriptions in both Sanskrit and Pali languages are found on two pillars. These inscriptions provide information about the samvat year and the names of some kings of Kannauj.
  6. Historical Period – 1455 A.D.:
    • The construction of the mosque took place in 1455 A.D., marking it as a significant historical structure from the Sharki dynasty era.
  7. Role of V.V. Raje:
    • V.V. Raje, as the builder, played a crucial role in the construction of the mosque, showcasing the influence of royal patronage in architectural endeavors.
  8. Cultural Synthesis:
    • The inclusion of inscriptions in both Sanskrit and Pali languages suggests a cultural synthesis, reflecting the diverse influences present in the historical context.
  9. Limited Information from Inscriptions:
    • The inscriptions, while providing details such as the samvat year and names of kings of Kannauj, may have limitations in shedding comprehensive light on historical events.
  10. Architectural Significance:
    • The mosque stands as an architectural testament from the 15th century, showcasing the craftsmanship and design aesthetics of the Sharki dynasty period.
  11. Cultural and Historical Legacy:
    • As a product of royal patronage and cultural exchange, the mosque contributes to the cultural and historical legacy of Jaunpur and the Sharki dynasty.

Sheetala Maata Chaukiya

  1. Ancient Temple of Ma Sheetla Chaukiya Devi:
    • The temple dedicated to Ma Sheetla Chaukiya Devi is of considerable antiquity, signifying a long history of worship.
  2. Shiv and Shakti Worship Tradition:
    • The worship at the temple has been centered around the divine duo of Shiv and Shakti since ancient times, reflecting a longstanding tradition.
  3. Ahir Rulership in Jaunpur:
    • Historical records indicate that during the reign of Hindu kings, Jaunpur was governed by Ahir rulers. Heerchand Yadav is recognized as the first Ahir ruler of Jaunpur.
  4. Clan Naming – Ahir:
    • The descendants of Ahir rulers adopted the surname ‘Ahir,’ and forts were constructed at Chandvak and Gopalpur during their governance.
  5. Construction of Chaukiya Devi Temple:
    • The temple of Chaukiya Devi is believed to have been constructed in honor of their clan deity, either by the Yadavs or the Bhars. However, due to the Bhars’ predilections, it is more plausible that they built the temple.
  6. Bhars – Non-Aryans:
    • The Bhars, considered non-Aryans, held power in Jaunpur. The worship of Shiv and Shakti was prevalent among non-Aryans.
  7. Chaukiya Devi’s Origin:
    • The Devi (goddess) is believed to have been initially installed on a praised platform or ‘chaukiya,’ leading to her being referred to as Chaukiya Devi.
  8. Devi Sheetla – Divine Mother’s Aspect:
    • Devu Sheetla is regarded as the blissful aspect of the Divine Mother, hence earning the name Sheetla.
  9. Devotee Gathering on Mondays and Fridays:
    • Devotees gather at the temple, particularly on Mondays and Fridays, indicating specific days of heightened worship and reverence.
  10. Navratris – Grand Celebrations:
    • The temple experiences significant footfall during the Navratris, attracting large crowds of worshippers participating in grand celebrations.
  11. Cultural and Religious Significance:
    • The temple holds cultural and religious significance, serving as a sacred space for the worship of Shiv and Shakti in the historical context of Jaunpur.
  12. Continued Tradition of Worship:
    • The consistent influx of worshippers on specific days and during festive occasions reflects the enduring tradition of reverence and devotion at the Ma Sheetla Chaukiya Devi temple.

Shahi Quila

  1. Central Location of Shahi Qila:
    • Shahi Qila is strategically located in the heart of the city, situated on the left bank of the Gomti River.
  2. Builder – Freoze Shah:
    • Constructed in 1362 A.D., Shahi Qila was built by Freoze Shah, showcasing historical significance from the 14th century.
  3. Impressive Inner Gate:
    • The inner gate of the fort stands at an impressive height of 26.5 feet and is 16 feet wide, symbolizing the grand entrance to the fort.
  4. Central Gate with Dome:
    • The central gate, towering at 36 feet high, features a massive dome, adding to the architectural grandeur of Shahi Qila.
  5. Remnants of Ancient Splendor:
    • Presently, only the eastern gate and some remaining arches within Shahi Qila serve as remnants that narrate the tale of its ancient splendor.
  6. Majestic Front Gate by Muneer Khan:
    • Muneer Khan enhanced the fort’s security with the construction of a majestic front gate adorned with blue and yellow stones, adding to its aesthetic appeal.
  7. Turkish-Style Bath and Mosque:
    • Within the fort, there is a Turkish-style bath and a mosque, reflecting architectural influences from diverse cultural traditions.
  8. Enchanting View of Gomti River and City:
    • Shahi Qila offers a captivating view of the Gomti River and the city, providing visitors with a scenic panorama.
  9. Mosque Built by Ibrahim Banbank:
    • The mosque within Shahi Qila, constructed by Ibrahim Banbank, incorporates imprints of both Hindu and Buddhist architectural styles, showcasing cultural fusion.
  10. Historical and Cultural Heritage:
    • Shahi Qila stands as a testament to the historical and cultural heritage of Jaunpur, preserving architectural elements from different periods and rulers.
  11. Architectural Fusion:
    • The fusion of architectural styles within the mosque exemplifies the cultural exchange and synthesis that occurred during different rulers’ reigns.
  12. Symbol of Jaunpur’s Grandeur:
    • Despite the remnants, Shahi Qila remains a symbol of Jaunpur’s grandeur, representing a bygone era of architectural excellence and cultural diversity.

Jama Masjid

  1. Monument from Sharki Period:
    • The mosque near Purani Bazar, situated on the Shahganj road, stands as an important monument dating back to the Sharki period.
  2. Height Over 200 ft.:
    • Boasting a height exceeding 200 feet, the mosque is a towering structure, showcasing the architectural grandeur of the Sharki era.
  3. Foundation Laid During Ibrahim Shah’s Rule:
    • The foundation of the mosque was initiated during the rule of Ibrahim Shah, and its construction unfolded in multiple phases, reaching completion during the reign of Hussain Shah.
  4. Extensive, Artistic, and Attractive:
    • The mosque is characterized by its extensive, artistic, and attractive design, highlighting the craftsmanship and aesthetic sensibilities of the Sharki period.
  5. 27 Steps to the Top:
    • The structure features 27 steps leading to the top, providing access to elevated viewpoints and enhancing its visual prominence.
  6. Southern Gateway Elevation:
    • The southern gateway is positioned 20 feet above ground level, contributing to the mosque’s elevated and commanding presence.
  7. Inner Premises Dimensions:
    • The inner premises of the mosque extend to 219 x 217 feet, creating a spacious area for worship and congregation.
  8. Gateways at Cardinal Points:
    • Gateways are present at each of the four cardinal points, adding architectural symmetry to the mosque’s design.
  9. Destruction of Eastern Gateway:
    • The eastern gateway suffered destruction during the reign of Sikander Lodhi, marking a historical event that impacted the mosque’s original layout.
  10. Outer Boundary Dimensions:
    • The outer boundary of the mosque measures 320 feet on the East-West axis and 307 feet on the North-South axis, defining the overall dimensions of the structure.
  11. Egyptian Style Decorations:
    • Decorative elements in the Egyptian style adorn the mosque, showcasing influences from distant cultures and architectural traditions.
  12. Unique Motifs – Lotus, Sunflower, and Rose:
    • Unique motifs such as Lotus, sunflower, and rose, along with intricate screens, contribute to the mosque’s aesthetic appeal, highlighting the diversity of artistic elements.
  13. Architectural Uniqueness:
    • The curves of its arches and the intricate engravings collectively contribute to the architectural uniqueness that defines the mosque.
  14. Sikander Lodhi Period Impact:
    • The mosque bears the marks of historical events, particularly the impact of Sikander Lodhi’s reign, reflecting the dynamic history of the region.
  15. Worth-Seeing Features:
    • The mosque’s various features, including its dimensions, decorations, and motifs, make it a site worth seeing, attracting visitors interested in historical and architectural exploration.

Shahi Pul

  1. Historical Significance:
    • The famous bridge in Jaunpur was constructed by Munyeen Khankhana in 1564 during the reign of Akbar, adding historical significance to the structure.
  2. Unique Design in India:
    • It stands as a unique bridge in India due to its distinctive design, setting it apart from conventional bridge structures.
  3. Ground-Level Carriageway:
    • The bridge features a ground-level carriageway, providing a different architectural approach compared to elevated bridges.
  4. Width and Kerfs:
    • The bridge boasts a width of 26 feet, accompanied by 2 feet 3 inches wide kerfs on both sides, enhancing its overall dimensions.
  5. Pillboxes at Junctions:
    • Pillboxes are strategically constructed at the junctions of adjacent spouses, serving both functional and decorative purposes.
  6. Earlier Use for Shops:
    • In the past, these pillboxes, also known as gumtees, were utilized for setting up shops, showcasing the bridge’s multi-functional design.
  7. Central Square Platform:
    • A square platform in the middle of the bridge holds a large sculpture of a lion with an elephant beneath its forepaws, creating a central focal point.
  8. Historic Sculpture Origin:
    • The sculpture had originally been installed in a Buddhist monastery, emphasizing the cultural and historical connections embedded in the bridge.
  9. Adjacent Mosque:
    • A mosque is situated in front of the bridge, contributing to the cultural landscape and architectural ensemble of the area.
  10. Bridge Spans and Pylons:
    • The bridge comprises 10 spans to the north and 5 spans to the south, with octagonal pylons providing structural support.
  11. Cultural and Architectural Spot:
    • The bridge is considered a spot worth seeing, attracting visitors interested in both cultural and architectural exploration.
  12. Ordered by Akbar:
    • The construction of the bridge was ordered by Akbar, indicating its importance in the historical context of the Mughal era.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »
Scroll to Top