Tourist Places in East Champaran

The famous Tourist Places in East Champaran, Bihar include George Orwell Birth Place, Gandhi Memorial Chandrahiah, Someshwar Shiv Mandir, Areraj, Ashokan Pillar, Lauria Areraj, Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Motihari and Kesaria Baudh Stup , Kesaria.

About East Champaran, Bihar

  1. Geographical Location: East Champaran is a district located in the eastern part of the state of Bihar, India. It shares its borders with Nepal to the north.
  2. Historical Significance: The district gained historical importance due to its association with Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha in 1917, a pivotal event in India’s struggle for independence.
  3. Administrative Division: East Champaran is divided into several administrative subdivisions and blocks to efficiently manage its various regions.
  4. Motihari: Motihari, the district headquarters, is a major city in East Champaran and was the epicenter of Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha.
  5. Champaran Satyagraha: The Champaran Satyagraha was a protest movement against the oppressive indigo cultivation system imposed by British landlords. Mahatma Gandhi’s involvement in this movement marked his first active political engagement in India.
  6. Educational Institutions: The district is home to various educational institutions, including universities, colleges, and schools, contributing to educational development in the region.
  7. Agriculture: Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people in East Champaran. Crops like rice, wheat, sugarcane, and various vegetables are cultivated.
  8. Cultural Diversity: The district has a rich cultural heritage, with diverse traditions, festivals, and art forms celebrated by the local population.
  9. Tourist Attractions: Apart from its historical significance, East Champaran offers attractions like the Motijheel Park, Valmiki Nagar National Park, and various religious sites.
  10. Gandhi Ashram: The Gandhi Ashram in Motihari is a place of historical importance, preserving the memory of Mahatma Gandhi’s presence and activities during the Champaran Satyagraha.
  11. Buddhist Influence: The district is home to Valmiki Nagar, which has Buddhist heritage sites like the Valmiki Nagar Stupa, reflecting its historical connection to Buddhism.
  12. Connectivity: East Champaran is well-connected by road and rail networks, facilitating transportation to neighboring districts and states.
  13. Economic Development: Apart from agriculture, there have been efforts to promote industries and improve infrastructure for economic growth.
  14. Festivals: The district celebrates various festivals with enthusiasm, including Holi, Diwali, Chhath Puja, and other regional events.
  15. Local Cuisine: East Champaran’s cuisine includes traditional Bihari dishes like litti-chokha, thekua, and regional sweets.
  16. Healthcare Facilities: The district has healthcare facilities and hospitals to cater to the medical needs of the population.
  17. Rural and Urban Divide: East Champaran, like many other regions, faces challenges related to rural-urban disparities, education, healthcare, and infrastructure development.
  18. Community Initiatives: Various community initiatives and NGOs work to address social and developmental issues in the district.

How to Reach East Champaran, Bihar

By Bus

Regular bus services to the town of Motihari are readily available from the capital city of Patna, situated approximately 160 kilometers away. The fare for these buses typically ranges between Rs 210 to 250 per person, and they are operated by either the state government or private companies.

Here are some important stations/routes that have regular bus services to and from Motihari:

  1. MOTIHARI – MUZAFFARPUR – HAJAIPUR – PATNA – RANCHI
  2. BODH GAYA – PATNA – MUZAFFARPUR – MOTIHARI – BIRGUNJ – KATHMANDU
  3. BETIA – MOTIHARI – MUZAFFARPUR – HAJIPUR – PATNA
  4. CHAPRA – SIWAN – GOPALGANJ – MOTIHARI

These routes provide convenient options for travelers commuting to and from Motihari.

By Train

Motihari boasts its own railway station called Bapudham Motihari, offering regular train services to major destinations. Opting for trains to Motihari is the recommended choice, as it tends to be more economical compared to bus fares. However, it’s advisable to book train tickets well in advance for a comfortable journey. The railway station in Motihari provides regular train services to cities and towns including New Delhi, Anand Vihar, Howrah, and Raxual.

By Air

The closest airport to Motihari is Patna Airport (Lok Nayak Jayprakash Airport), situated approximately 160 kilometers away. Regular bus and taxi services operate between Motihari and Patna Airport. Patna Airport offers daily flights to a range of cities including Lucknow, Kolkata, Chennai, Ranchi, Mumbai, New Delhi, and Bhopal.

For international travel, the nearest option is Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport in Lucknow, which is approximately 473 kilometers from Motihari. This airport provides frequent flights to various national and international destinations.

Tourist Places in East Champaran, Bihar

George Orwell Birth Place

  1. Birth and Early Life: George Orwell, a renowned English novelist, was born on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, Bihar, India. His birthplace was in close proximity to Gopal Sah High School.
  2. Parental Background: Orwell’s father served as a minor official in the Indian Civil Service, a colonial administrative structure under British rule. His mother had French ancestry and was the daughter of a teak merchant in Burma (present-day Myanmar).
  3. Motihari Connection: Motihari played a significant role in Orwell’s formative years. His early experiences in the town and his exposure to colonial dynamics influenced his perspectives and writing.
  4. Literary Legacy: George Orwell is celebrated for his contributions to English literature, with his works often addressing social, political, and philosophical themes.
  5. ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’: One of Orwell’s most famous novels, ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four,’ is a dystopian masterpiece that explores themes of totalitarianism, surveillance, and the manipulation of truth. The novel’s concepts and language have left a lasting impact on literature and contemporary discussions about society and government control.
  6. ‘Animal Farm’: Another landmark work by Orwell is ‘Animal Farm,’ an allegorical novella that uses a group of farm animals to depict the dynamics of political power, corruption, and propaganda. The story is a critique of authoritarianism and revolution.
  7. Orwell’s Social Commentary: Orwell’s writings often reflect his concern for social justice, human rights, and the abuse of power. His insights into these issues have resonated with readers across generations.
  8. Influence on Modern Language: Orwell’s ideas and terms from his novels, such as “Big Brother” from ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ and the concept of “Newspeak,” have become part of modern language and are used to discuss surveillance, manipulation, and control in contemporary society.
  9. Legacy and Influence: George Orwell’s works have left an indelible mark on literature, politics, and cultural discourse. His themes of truth, freedom, and the potential for oppression remain relevant today.
  10. Motihari’s Cultural Heritage: Motihari takes pride in its association with George Orwell and his literary achievements. The town’s historical connection to the author adds to its cultural identity and significance.
  11. Literary Tourism: Motihari has become a destination of interest for literary enthusiasts and researchers interested in exploring Orwell’s early life and the influences that shaped his writing.
  12. Memorials and Commemorations: Motihari has commemorated George Orwell’s legacy through various initiatives, including memorials, events, and discussions about his life and works.

Gandhi Memorial Chandrahiah

  1. Location: Chandrahiya is a village located in Bihar’s East Champaran district. This village holds historical significance due to its role in the Champaran movement, an important chapter in India’s struggle for independence.
  2. Champaran Movement: The Champaran movement was a pivotal event in India’s freedom struggle, characterized by Mahatma Gandhi’s involvement and his use of nonviolent resistance against British colonial policies.
  3. Gandhi’s Journey: On April 16, 1917, Mahatma Gandhi was en route to the hamlet of Jasaulipatti in Champaran to address the issues faced by farmers who were being compelled to cultivate indigo, a cash crop, instead of food crops for their sustenance.
  4. Police Obstruction: During his journey to Jasaulipatti, Gandhi’s progress was halted in Chandrahiya village by a police official riding a horse-driven buggy. The official served Gandhi a notice, issued by Champaran’s collector at that time, WB Heycock, ordering him to leave the district immediately.
  5. Gandhi’s Response: In response to the notice, Gandhi initially complied and turned back to Motihari, the district headquarters, on a bullock cart. However, he refused to completely leave Champaran.
  6. Court Appearance: Two days after being served the notice, Gandhi appeared before the sub-divisional magistrate’s court in Champaran. Here, he provided his reasons for not adhering to the order to leave the district limits.
  7. Beginning of Champaran Satyagraha: Gandhi’s appearance in the court and his explanation for staying in Champaran marked the commencement of the Champaran Satyagraha. This event marked the beginning of his nonviolent resistance against the oppressive indigo cultivation system and British colonial policies.
  8. Civil Disobedience and Nonviolent Protest: The Champaran Satyagraha involved nonviolent protests, marches, and civil disobedience against the forced cultivation of indigo, a cash crop that adversely affected the livelihood of local farmers.
  9. Impact and Outcomes: The success of the Champaran Satyagraha not only highlighted the power of nonviolent resistance but also drew international attention to India’s struggle for self-rule.
  10. Historical Significance: Chandrahiya village’s role as the location where Gandhi was served the notice and his subsequent actions there mark a critical turning point in the Champaran movement and India’s broader fight against British colonial rule.
  11. Symbol of Resistance: Chandrahiya stands as a symbol of resistance and a testament to the courage and determination of the people who participated in the Champaran movement.
  12. Legacy: The events that unfolded in Chandrahiya and Champaran have left a lasting legacy, showcasing the potency of nonviolent protest and the ability to effect change through collective action.

Someshwar Shiv Mandir, Areraj

  1. Geographical Location: Areraj is a revered city situated in North Bihar. It is located about 28 kilometers southwest of Motihari, the district headquarters of East Champaran.
  2. Spiritual Significance: Areraj holds immense spiritual importance due to the presence of the ancient Someshwar Nath Mahadev Temple within its bounds.
  3. Someshwar Nath Mahadev Temple: The centerpiece of Areraj’s spirituality is the Someshwar Nath Mahadev Temple. This age-old temple dedicated to Lord Shiva attracts a vast number of devotees and pilgrims, not only from nearby districts but also from Nepal.
  4. Shrawani Mela: The temple gains maximum attention during the Shrawani Mela, a significant religious event that takes place during the months of July and August. During this time, the temple witnesses a massive influx of pilgrims who come to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva.
  5. Pilgrims from Nepal: Areraj’s spiritual significance extends beyond the borders of Bihar, as pilgrims from Nepal also participate in the Shrawani Mela and visit the Someshwar Nath Mahadev Temple.
  6. Development from Village to Town: Originally a village, Areraj has experienced significant development over time, transforming into a town that has attracted attention due to its religious and cultural prominence.
  7. Areraj Subdivision Headquarters: The growth of Areraj has led to its elevation as the headquarters of the Areraj Subdivision, signifying its administrative importance within the region.
  8. Connectivity: Areraj’s connectivity, including a well-maintained pucca road linking it to Motihari, contributes to its accessibility and popularity among pilgrims and visitors.
  9. Cultural and Religious Heritage: The city’s growth and development are closely intertwined with its rich cultural and religious heritage, making it a center of spiritual devotion and community gathering.
  10. Economic Impact: The influx of pilgrims during the Shrawani Mela contributes to the local economy by boosting tourism-related activities and businesses.
  11. Community Gatherings: The Shrawani Mela and other religious events foster a sense of community among the local residents and pilgrims who gather to celebrate their faith and share in the festive atmosphere.
  12. Historical Continuity: Areraj’s transformation from a village to a town while maintaining its spiritual significance is a testament to the continuity of historical practices and cultural values.
  13. Religious Tourism: Areraj’s reputation as a holy city has turned it into a destination for religious tourism, attracting visitors who seek to experience the spiritual aura of the Someshwar Nath Mahadev Temple and the cultural heritage of the region.

Ashokan Pillar, Lauria Areraj

  1. Historical Monument: The Lofty Stone Column in village Lauriya, under the Areraj subdivision, is a significant historical monument that dates back to 249 BC. It was erected by the illustrious Emperor Ashoka, also known as Priyadarshee Ashoka.
  2. Location: The column stands on the left side of the Areraj-Bettiah road, marking its location as an easily accessible landmark for visitors and history enthusiasts.
  3. Stambh Dharma Lekh: This pillar is commonly referred to as the “Stambh Dharma Lekh.” The term “Stambh” means pillar, and “Dharma Lekh” signifies inscriptions related to ethical and moral principles.
  4. Edicts of Ashoka: The pillar contains six well-preserved and meticulously carved edicts of Emperor Ashoka. These inscriptions serve as a testament to his teachings and emphasis on moral values and governance.
  5. Monolithic Structure: The pillar is crafted from a single block of polished sandstone. Its impressive height reaches 36 ½ feet above the ground.
  6. Dimensions: The pillar has a base diameter of 41.8 inches and a slightly narrower diameter of 37.6 inches at the top.
  7. Weight: The portion of the pillar above the ground, which is approximately 34 tons, gives an idea of its immense weight. Considering the portion buried in the earth, the total weight of the entire block is estimated to be around 40 tons.
  8. Capital-less Design: Unlike some of Ashoka’s other pillars, this particular pillar does not have a capital. The capital is the decorative element typically situated at the top of ancient columns.
  9. Crowning Statue: Historical records indicate that the pillar once had a statue of an animal crowning it. However, this statue was eventually transferred to the museum in Kolkata.
  10. Historical Significance: The Lauriya pillar is a valuable artifact that sheds light on the principles, governance, and ethical teachings of Emperor Ashoka, who played a pivotal role in spreading Buddhism and promoting moral values in his empire.
  11. Symbol of Ashoka’s Legacy: The pillar stands as a symbol of Ashoka’s enduring legacy, his commitment to righteous rule, and his efforts to communicate his ideals to future generations.
  12. Architectural and Engineering Feat: The construction and carving of such monumental pillars from a single piece of stone exemplify the remarkable architectural and engineering skills of ancient India.
  13. Tourist Attraction: The Lauriya pillar attracts history enthusiasts, archaeologists, and tourists interested in exploring ancient Indian history and the achievements of Emperor Ashoka.

Gandhi Sangrahalaya, Motihari

  1. Historical Significance: The Gandhi Memorial Pillar in Motihari, Bihar, holds immense historical and cultural significance as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi and his involvement in the Champaran Satyagraha.
  2. Foundation Stone Laid: The foundation stone for the Gandhi Memorial Pillar was laid on June 10, 1972. The ceremony was officiated by the then Governor, Mr. D.K. Barooch, marking the beginning of the construction of this commemorative structure.
  3. Dedication to the Nation: The Gandhi Memorial Pillar was dedicated to the nation on April 18, 1978. Mr. Vidyakar Kavi, a Gandhian, played a significant role in dedicating the memorial pillar to honor Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy.
  4. Design and Creation: The pillar’s design is attributed to the renowned artist from Santiniketan, Mr. Nand Lal Bose. His creative vision contributed to the visual representation of Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle and principles.
  5. Commemorating Champaran Satyagraha: The Gandhi Memorial Pillar serves as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi’s involvement in the Champaran Satyagraha, a significant event in India’s struggle for independence.
  6. Protest Against Indigo Planters: Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha was a protest against the oppressive practices of British indigo planters, who exploited the local peasants in the Champaran region.
  7. Location of the Pillar: The 48-foot-long pillar is crafted from Chunar stone. It stands at the exact location where Mahatma Gandhi was presented before the court of the then Sub-Divisional Magistrate (S.D.M.), Motihari, on April 18, 1917.
  8. Violation of Orders: Gandhi’s appearance before the court in Motihari was in violation of orders under Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cr. P. C.). This bold act symbolized his commitment to challenging unjust laws.
  9. Champaran Satyagraha’s Starting Point: The Gandhi Memorial Pillar stands as a reminder that the soil of Motihari witnessed Mahatma Gandhi’s first experiment with Satyagraha. This marked the beginning of India’s independence movement, which was launched by Gandhi ji.
  10. Champaran’s Role in Independence: The Champaran Satyagraha is considered a significant milestone in India’s struggle for independence. It showcased the power of nonviolent resistance and initiated a wave of movements across the nation.
  11. Symbol of Resistance: The memorial pillar is not only a symbol of Mahatma Gandhi’s resistance against injustice but also a representation of the collective spirit of those who participated in the Champaran Satyagraha.
  12. Educational and Inspirational: The Gandhi Memorial Pillar serves as an educational tool, inspiring visitors to learn about the history of the Champaran Satyagraha and Mahatma Gandhi’s principles of nonviolence and social change.

Kesaria Baudh Stup , Kesaria

  1. Historical Significance: The historical significance of Bihar has been reaffirmed with the remarkable discovery of the “biggest ever Buddhist Stupa” in Kesaria. This finding contributes to the state’s rich historical and cultural heritage.
  2. Stupa Location: The monumental discovery was made at Kesaria, a location situated in the East Champaran district of Bihar. Kesaria is approximately 120 kilometers away from the state capital, Patna, and about 30 miles from Vaishali, a historically significant town located on the Indo-Nepal border.
  3. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) Discovery: The monumental Buddhist Stupa was unearthed in the year 1998 by a team of officials from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The ASI is responsible for preserving and documenting India’s cultural and historical artifacts.
  4. Tallest Ever-Excavated Stupa: The ASI officials confirmed that the state of Bihar holds the proud distinction of housing the tallest-ever excavated Stupa in the world. This colossal structure is a testament to the architectural and cultural achievements of ancient India.
  5. Stupa as a Religious Monument: A Stupa is a significant architectural form in Buddhism, serving as a religious monument and a symbol of enlightenment and spiritual principles. Stupas often house relics or remains of revered figures, adding to their spiritual and cultural importance.
  6. Kesaria’s Stupa: The discovery at Kesaria is particularly noteworthy due to the sheer size and scale of the Stupa, setting it apart as a remarkable historical find.
  7. Cultural and Historical Heritage: The unearthing of this monumental Stupa adds to Bihar’s already rich cultural and historical heritage, reinforcing its reputation as a land of profound historical significance.
  8. Indo-Nepal Connection: Kesaria’s location on the Indo-Nepal border adds an international dimension to the discovery, showcasing the shared historical and cultural ties between the two neighboring nations.
  9. Archaeological Endeavors: The discovery of such monumental artifacts underscores the importance of archaeological research and preservation efforts in uncovering and safeguarding the remnants of ancient civilizations.
  10. Tourist Attraction: The Kesaria Stupa has the potential to become a significant tourist attraction, drawing history enthusiasts, archaeologists, researchers, and spiritual seekers interested in exploring the cultural and religious legacy of the region.
  11. Symbol of Ancient India’s Achievements: The Kesaria Stupa stands as a symbol of the architectural brilliance and cultural achievements of ancient India, reflecting the advanced knowledge and skills of the society at that time.
  12. Educational and Cultural Exploration: The discovery invites people to learn about the historical context, significance, and the religious practices associated with Stupas, offering a unique perspective into the past.

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