Tourist Places in Bhagalpur

The famous Tourist Places in Bhagalpur, Bihar include Mandar Hill, Vikramshila, Tilka Manjhi, Maharshi Mehi Aashram and Kuppaghat.

About Bhagalpur, Bihar

  • Location: Bhagalpur is a district located in the eastern part of Bihar, India.
  • Administrative Division: It falls under the Bhagalpur division in Bihar.
  • Geography: The district is situated on the southern banks of the Ganges River, and it encompasses both plains and hilly terrain.
  • Population: As of my last update in September 2021, the population of Bhagalpur district is around several hundred thousand people.
  • Language: The predominant languages spoken in Bhagalpur are Hindi, Angika, and Maithili.
  • Economy: Historically, Bhagalpur was known for its silk industry, especially the production of Tussar silk.
  • Silk Industry: Bhagalpur is often referred to as the “Silk City” due to its historical significance in the silk trade.
  • Agriculture: Agriculture is a significant occupation, with crops like paddy, wheat, maize, and lentils being cultivated.
  • Historical Importance: Bhagalpur has a rich historical background dating back to ancient times, with mentions in various historical texts.
  • Educational Hub: The district hosts educational institutions ranging from schools to colleges, contributing to the academic development of the region.
  • Transportation: Bhagalpur is well-connected by road, rail, and waterways. The Bhagalpur Junction is an important railway station.
  • Cultural Heritage: The district celebrates various cultural festivals like Holi, Chhath Puja, and Durga Puja, reflecting the local traditions.
  • Tourist Attractions: Bhagalpur has attractions like Mandar Hill, Colganj Rock Cut Temples, Vikramshila Ruins, and more.
  • Religious Diversity: Bhagalpur is home to people from various religious backgrounds, fostering a diverse and inclusive community.
  • Healthcare: Healthcare facilities, including hospitals and clinics, are available in the district to cater to medical needs.
  • Challenges: Similar to other areas, Bhagalpur faces challenges like infrastructure development, access to quality education, healthcare, and employment opportunities.
  • Environmental Concerns: The district has been working towards addressing environmental issues and promoting sustainability.
  • Cultural Exchange: Due to its historical significance and cultural diversity, Bhagalpur offers insights into the cultural tapestry of the region.

How to Reach Bhagalpur, Bihar

  1. Bus Terminals:
    • Bhagalpur has a main bus terminal known as Bhagalpur Bus Stand or Bhagalpur Junction. This is the primary bus station in the city.
  2. Bus Services:
    • Several state-run and private bus services operate to and from Bhagalpur. State-run services are usually operated by the Bihar State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC).
  3. Routes:
    • You can find buses connecting Bhagalpur to various cities and towns within Bihar, as well as neighboring states.
  4. Booking Tickets:
    • Tickets can be purchased at the bus station counters or online through various booking platforms.
  5. Travel Time and Frequency:
    • Travel time and frequency of buses may vary depending on the distance and popularity of the route. Common routes like Patna to Bhagalpur usually have more frequent services.

Reaching Bhagalpur, Bihar by Airplane:

  1. Airport:
    • The nearest airport to Bhagalpur is the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport (PAT) in Patna, Bihar. It’s approximately 230-250 kilometers away from Bhagalpur.
  2. Flight Availability:
    • Patna Airport is well-connected to major cities in India. You can find domestic flights from major airlines operating here.
  3. Travel Time:
    • The flight duration from major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc., to Patna can vary, but it’s generally a faster mode of travel compared to buses.
  4. Transport from Patna to Bhagalpur:
    • From Patna Airport, you can hire a taxi or use other modes of local transportation to reach the Bhagalpur bus stand or avail intercity buses that ply to Bhagalpur.
  5. Advance Booking:
    • Flights need to be booked in advance through airline websites, travel agencies, or other online booking platforms.
  6. Cost:
    • Air travel can be more expensive than bus travel, but it’s considerably faster.

By Train

The Bhagalpur Junction railway station is a pivotal hub, well-connected to major cities across India through an extensive railway network. Situated between the Howrah-Kiul loop-line, Bhagalpur enjoys a high volume of train services, making it the 3rd busiest line in Bihar. Approximately 100 pairs of Express trains and 40 pairs of passenger trains pass through this line. Bhagalpur Junction is classified as an A1 grade railway station and stands as the highest revenue generator in the Malda Rail Division. It holds the distinction of being the third major railway station in Eastern Railway, following Howrah and Sealdah.

Bhagalpur maintains strong railway links to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ajmer, Kanpur, Patna, Guwahati, Surat, Jammu Tawi, Munger, Gaya, and various others. The North Bhagalpur area is served by the Barauni-Katihar section of the East Central Railway/Northeast Frontier Railway. Notable railway stations on this line include Narainpur, Thana Bihpur, Naugachhia, and Katareah.

Tourist Places in Bhagalpur, Bihar

Mandar Hill

  • Mandar Hills: Mandar Hills, located 50 km away, are a captivating natural site steeped in legend and surrounded by breathtaking landscapes.
  • Granite Hill: These hills unveil an impressive granite hill, rising to a height of 800 feet, offering a spectacular vista.
  • Legend of Amritmanthana: Mandar Hills are linked with the legend of “amritmanthana,” where the gods churned the ocean to obtain the elixir of immortality, known as “amrit.”
  • Coil Impression: Basukinaga, a serpent, offered itself as the rope for churning, and the impression of its coil is still visible on the granite hill.
  • Mahabharata Relic: Panchjanya, the conch shell used in the Mahabharata War, is believed to have been discovered in the Sank Kund, a sacred pool here.
  • Sacred Significance: Puranas mention various sacred sites on the hill, believed to be the abode of Lord Vishnu, known as Madhusudana, or the destroyer of the demon Madhu.
  • Footprints of Vishnu: Kalidasa’s “Kumarasambhava” refers to footprints of Lord Vishnu on the slopes of Mandar Hills, adding to the spiritual significance.
  • Relics of the Past: The hills preserve remnants of ancient times, including inscriptions, statues, and rock-cut sculptures portraying Brahmanical figures.
  • Jain Belief: Mandar Hills hold importance for Jains too, as they believe their 12th Tirthankara attained nirvana on the hill’s summit.
  • Natural and Spiritual Blend: The hills are a harmonious blend of natural beauty and spiritual importance, attracting devotees and nature enthusiasts alike.
  • Landscape Beauty: The captivating landscapes surrounding Mandar Hills enhance its allure, making it a picturesque destination.
  • Cultural and Historical Significance: The hills are not only visually appealing but also hold cultural and historical significance in the region.
  • Abode of Legends: Legends like amritmanthana and the association with Madhusudana contribute to the hills’ reputation as a site of mythical importance.
  • Journey Through Time: Exploring Mandar Hills provides insights into the rich history, religious beliefs, and cultural heritage of the area.
  • Heritage Preservation: Efforts to preserve the inscriptions, sculptures, and legends are vital to maintain the historical and cultural value of Mandar Hills.

Vikramshila

  • Vikramsila University: Located 38 km from Bhagalpur, Vikramsila University held a significant place in ancient India’s educational landscape.
  • Origin and Patronage: The university owes its establishment to Dharmapala (770-810 A.D.), a devout Pala king who strongly supported Mahayana Buddhism.
  • Royal Patronage: Dharmapala, also known as Paramasaugata, was an ardent follower of Buddhism and held the title of “chief worshipper of the Buddha.”
  • Inspiration and Vision: Two factors inspired Dharmapala to create Vikramsila University. Firstly, the scenic and rocky hillock at Vateshwarasthan, where the Kosi and Ganga rivers converge, held spiritual and tantric significance.
  • Tantric Site: Vateshwarasthan was notable for its tantric practices, as evidenced by the presence of a Kali temple and other caves and sculptures from the 6th to 7th century A.D.
  • Pilgrimage and Significance: The site was associated with pilgrimage due to Uttarbahini, which attracted large crowds during the Varsavardhana festival.
  • Mahayana Mudra Mysticism: Dharmapala, in his previous life as Acharya Kampilya, had achieved mastery in Mahayana mudra mysticism here, driving his determination to build a monastery.
  • Establishment: Dharmapala’s vision culminated in the establishment of Vikramsila University, serving as a center of learning and spiritual practice.
  • Comparison with Nalanda: While Vikramsila ranks next to Nalanda, it differs in terms of historical sources. Information about Vikramsila is mainly found in Tibetan texts.
  • Educational Hub: Much like Nalanda, Vikramsila emerged as an educational hub, attracting scholars and students from different regions.
  • Cultural Significance: The university symbolizes the rich cultural and religious tapestry of ancient India, with its focus on Buddhism and educational pursuits.
  • Legacy of Dharmapala: Dharmapala’s dedication to Buddhism, his spiritual pursuits, and his determination to establish the university left a lasting legacy.
  • Monastic Tradition: Vikramsila University was part of the monastic tradition, fostering both academic and spiritual growth.
  • Historical Insights: Exploring the historical context and significance of Vikramsila University provides insights into the intellectual and religious milieu of its time.
  • Preservation and Research: The legacy of Vikramsila remains significant for researchers, scholars, and enthusiasts interested in history, Buddhism, and ancient education.

Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra

  • Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra: This is an ancient and historically significant Siddha Kshetra, a place associated with salvation in Jainism.
  • Location: The Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra is situated in the village of Nathnagar in Bhagalpur district, Bihar.
  • Teerth Kshetra: It is recognized as a Teerth Kshetra, a pilgrimage site of great importance in Jainism.
  • Proximity to Bhagalpur: Located just 3.5 km away from Bhagalpur, it offers easy accessibility for visitors.
  • Distance from Patna: The Siddha Kshetra is approximately 270 km from the capital city, Patna.
  • Historical and Ancient: With a rich history, Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra has stood the test of time as a place of significance.
  • Panch Kalyanaka Kshetra: Notably, it holds the distinction of being the only “Panch Kalyanaka Kshetra” in the world. This term refers to five significant life events of Tirthankaras.
  • 12th Tirthankara Bhagwan Vasupujya: The Kshetra is closely related to the life events of the 12th Tirthankara, Bhagwan Vasupujya.
  • Panch Kalyanaka Events: It’s linked to the “Panch Kalyanaka” events of Bhagwan Vasupujya:
    1. Garbha (Conception)
    2. Janma (Birth)
    3. Tapa (Austerities)
    4. Gyan (Knowledge)
    5. Moksha (Salvation)
  • Significance of Panch Kalyanaka: These events represent pivotal stages in the life of Bhagwan Vasupujya, the first ascetic saint.
  • Jain Pilgrimage: For followers of Jainism, Shri Champapur Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra holds immense spiritual significance.
  • Cultural Heritage: The Siddha Kshetra contributes to the cultural and religious heritage of the region.
  • Community Gathering: The place likely serves as a gathering point for the Jain community for worship, celebrations, and events.
  • Preservation and Reverence: The Siddha Kshetra is preserved and revered as a sacred site by devotees and visitors.
  • Tourist Attraction: Besides its religious importance, the Siddha Kshetra might attract tourists interested in exploring its historical and cultural value.

Tilka Manjhi

  • Tilka Majhi: Tilka Majhi was a significant Paharia leader who played a pivotal role in opposing British rule in the 1780s.
  • First Paharia Leader: He holds the distinction of being the first Paharia leader to take up arms against British colonial rule in India.
  • Armed Resistance: In response to British presence and control, Tilka Majhi led armed resistance against the British authorities.
  • Tilapore Forest: Tilka Majhi operated from the Tilapore forest, using it as a base for his resistance activities.
  • British Siege: The British forces surrounded the Tilapore forest in an attempt to suppress the uprising led by Tilka Majhi.
  • Defensive Standoff: Tilka Majhi and his followers managed to hold off the British forces for several weeks during the siege.
  • Capture: Despite his efforts, Tilka Majhi was eventually captured by the British forces in 1784.
  • Degrading Treatment: After his capture, Tilka Majhi endured severe humiliation. He was tied to the tail of a horse.
  • Dragged to Bhagalpur: Captured Tilka Majhi was dragged all the way to the collector’s residence in Bhagalpur, Bihar.
  • Execution: At Bhagalpur, Tilka Majhi’s lacerated body was hung from a Banyan tree, marking his execution by the British.
  • Statue and Commemoration: In independent India, a statue was erected in honor of Tilka Majhi at the spot of his execution. This location was named “Tilka Manjhi Chowk” after him.
  • Legacy in Education: Bhagalpur University was named in honor of Tilka Majhi as “Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University.”
  • Symbol of Resistance: Tilka Majhi’s actions and sacrifice are remembered as symbols of resistance against colonial oppression.
  • Historical Significance: His struggle exemplifies the spirit of indigenous resistance against foreign rule in India.
  • Local and National Hero: Tilka Majhi is celebrated not only in the local context but also as a hero in the broader narrative of India’s struggle for freedom.
  • Inspiration for Generations: His legacy serves as an inspiration for generations, showcasing the courage and determination to stand against injustice.
  • Educational Institutions: The naming of the university and a prominent location after him reflects the recognition of his contribution to history and society.

Maharshi Mehi Aashram, Kuppaghat

Sant in the lineage of Kabir and Nanak:

  • Lord Sadguru Maharshi Mehi Paramhansji Maharaj belonged to the lineage of great spiritual teachers like Kabir and Guru Nanak. This lineage emphasizes the importance of inner realization and connecting with the divine.

2. Attained perfection and God-realization:

  • He reached a state of spiritual perfection, wherein he achieved a deep and profound understanding of the divine nature. His life was a manifestation of his profound spiritual realization.

3. Absorbed in the Logos:

  • His spirit-force was continually absorbed in the Logos, indicating that he was in a constant state of communion with the divine consciousness. This suggests a deep meditative and contemplative practice that allowed him to transcend ordinary awareness.

4. Endowed with the marks of a Sant:

  • He exhibited all the characteristic traits and qualities associated with a Sant or a realized soul. These might include compassion, humility, selflessness, and a deep sense of interconnectedness with all of creation.

5. Spiritual Influence and Legacy:

  • His teachings and life story continue to inspire and guide people on their spiritual journeys. His profound realization and insights serve as a beacon for those seeking spiritual growth and enlightenment.

6. Emphasis on Inner Spiritual Practice:

  • He likely emphasized the importance of inner practices such as meditation, self-inquiry, and devotion as means to connect with the divine. His teachings might have focused on the inward journey to discover one’s true nature.

7. Universal Message:

  • His teachings and realization were likely not bound by specific religious or sectarian boundaries. His spiritual wisdom might have encompassed universal truths that are relevant to seekers from various backgrounds.

8. Contribution to Humanity:

  • Through his teachings and example, he contributed to the spiritual and moral upliftment of humanity. His life’s work might have aimed to alleviate suffering and guide individuals towards a deeper understanding of existence.

9. Reverence and Following:

  • Over time, he might have gained a following of devoted disciples and followers who recognized the authenticity of his spiritual realization. These individuals would have looked up to him as a spiritual guide and mentor.

10. Continuation of the Guru-Disciple Tradition:

  • His presence in the lineage of Sants suggests that he upheld the tradition of guru-disciple relationships, wherein spiritual knowledge and realization are transmitted from teacher to student through direct experience and guidance.

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