Kushinagar Tourist Places

The famous Tourist Places in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh include Ramabhar Stupa, Usmanpur, Farendaha, Badurao, Mahanirvana Stupa, Matha Kunwar Temple, Sri Lanka Buddhist Temple and Chinese Buddhist Temple.

About Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh

  1. Buddhist Pilgrimage Site:
    • Kushinagar is one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites, known as the place where Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained Mahaparinirvana (enlightenment) and passed away.
  2. Historical Significance:
    • The city has historical significance dating back to the 6th century BCE and is mentioned in Buddhist scriptures.
  3. Mahaparinirvana Temple:
    • The Mahaparinirvana Temple, also known as the Nirvana Stupa, is a major attraction in Kushinagar, housing a reclining statue of Buddha.
  4. Ramabhar Stupa:
    • Another significant stupa in Kushinagar is the Ramabhar Stupa, believed to be the cremation site of Buddha.
  5. Japanese Temple and Matha:
    • Kushinagar is home to a Japanese temple and a matha (monastic establishment), reflecting international interest and support for the preservation of Buddhist heritage.
  6. Kushinagar Museum:
    • The Kushinagar Archaeological Museum exhibits artifacts and sculptures related to Buddhism, providing insights into the region’s history.
  7. Wat Thai Temple:
    • The Wat Thai Temple is a Buddhist temple built by the Thai Monastery in Kushinagar, reflecting international Buddhist influence.
  8. Religious Tourism:
    • The city attracts Buddhist pilgrims and tourists from around the world, contributing to its identity as a hub for religious tourism.
  9. Cultural Diversity:
    • Kushinagar’s cultural landscape is shaped by its association with Buddhism, resulting in a diverse and multicultural environment.
  10. Gorakhpur Proximity:
    • Kushinagar is located in close proximity to Gorakhpur, which serves as a major transportation hub for visitors.
  11. Village Atmosphere:
    • While known for its historical and religious significance, parts of Kushinagar maintain a rural village atmosphere, offering a glimpse into local life.
  12. Chaiti Mela:
    • The Chaiti Mela, an annual fair, is celebrated in Kushinagar, attracting both locals and tourists.
  13. Stupas and Monasteries:
    • In addition to the major stupas, there are smaller stupas and monasteries scattered across Kushinagar, each with its own historical and architectural significance.
  14. Peace Pagoda:
    • The Vishwa Shanti Stupa, also known as the World Peace Pagoda, is a prominent structure in Kushinagar, symbolizing peace and unity.
  15. Lumbini-Kushinagar Circuit:
    • Kushinagar is often included in the Buddhist pilgrimage circuit along with other significant sites like Lumbini (in Nepal), Sarnath, and Bodh Gaya.
  16. Tourist Facilities:
    • The city offers facilities for tourists, including accommodations, eateries, and transportation services.

How to Reach

By Road

Kushinagar is strategically situated along National Highway 28, facilitating seamless connectivity to various parts of the state. The city boasts well-established road links to prominent destinations such as Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Patna, Jhansi, and Gorakhpur, among others, within the state of Uttar Pradesh. Transportation options are diverse, encompassing services provided by the Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) as well as other private bus operators, ensuring convenient travel for residents and visitors alike.

By Train

Merely 51 kilometers away from Kushinagar lies the Gorakhpur Railway Station. To reach Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh by rail, your journey should commence at the Gorakhpur Railway Junction. This railhead serves as a crucial transportation hub with direct connections to major stations such as Mumbai, Delhi, Cochin, Barauni, Kolkata, Lucknow, Agra, and Jaipur, ensuring well-connected rail access for travelers.

By Airplane

Kushinagar is conveniently accessible through the Gorakhpur Airport, which serves as the nearest aviation hub. For air travel to and from Kushinagar, Gorakhpur Airport is the key gateway. To reach Kushinagar, you can book flights that connect to Gorakhpur Airport in Uttar Pradesh. Once you arrive at Gorakhpur, a short and convenient drive will take you to your final destination in Kushinagar, offering a seamless transition from air to land travel.

Tourist Places in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh

Ramabhar Stupa

  1. Location:
    • Ramabhar Stupa is situated at the location where Gautama Buddha was cremated. It stands as a significant historical and religious site.
  2. Construction:
    • The stupa was constructed over a portion of Buddha’s ashes, making it a sacred structure commemorating the final resting place of the Buddha.
  3. Built by the Malla People:
    • The stupa was built by the ancient Malla people, reflecting their reverence for Buddha and their desire to honor his remains.
  4. Purpose:
    • The primary purpose of Ramabhar Stupa is to enshrine and preserve a part of Buddha’s ashes, signifying the importance of the site in Buddhist history.
  5. Cremation Site:
    • The stupa marks the spot where the Buddha’s cremation took place, making it a crucial location in Buddhist pilgrimage and history.
  6. Symbol of Devotion:
    • The construction of Ramabhar Stupa serves as a symbol of devotion and respect for the Buddha, demonstrating the deep religious sentiments of the Malla people.
  7. Architectural Features:
    • Explore the architectural features of the stupa, which may include traditional design elements and symbolic representations associated with Buddhism.
  8. Historical Significance:
    • Ramabhar Stupa holds immense historical significance as it preserves the memory of an important event in the life of Gautama Buddha.
  9. Pilgrimage Destination:
    • The stupa attracts pilgrims and followers of Buddhism who visit the site to pay their respects and connect with the spiritual legacy of the Buddha.
  10. Cultural Heritage:
    • The stupa contributes to the cultural heritage of the region, embodying the religious and historical values of Buddhism.
  11. Maintenance and Preservation:
    • Efforts are likely made to maintain and preserve Ramabhar Stupa to ensure its longevity and to safeguard its cultural and religious importance.
  12. Tourist Attraction:
    • The stupa is also a tourist attraction, drawing visitors interested in Buddhist history and architecture.
  13. Surrounding Area:
    • Explore the surroundings of Ramabhar Stupa, as there may be additional points of interest or related historical sites in the vicinity.

USMANPUR

  1. Location – Veer Bhari Tila, Usmanpur:
    • The archaeological exploration took place at Veer Bhari Tila in Usmanpur, starting in the year 1996.
  2. Initiation of Excavation (1996):
    • In 1996, the excavation work was initiated at Veer Bhari Tila, unearthing a wealth of historical artifacts and structures.
  3. Discoveries:
    • The excavation revealed a variety of artifacts, including utensils, foundations of old buildings, ancient bricks, and clay idols, providing valuable insights into the historical context of the area.
  4. Archaeological Department’s Involvement:
    • The discovered artifacts and structures were carefully documented and taken into custody by the Archaeological Department, ensuring their preservation and study.
  5. Barbed Wire Demarcation (2001):
    • In 2001, the land at Veer Bhari Tila was demarcated using barbed wire, indicating a commitment to protecting and preserving the archaeological site.
  6. Water Work (2016):
    • In 2016, water-related infrastructure work was carried out at the site, possibly for conservation purposes or to enhance the surroundings of the archaeological mounds.
  7. Beautification of Mounds:
    • The mounds at Veer Bhari Tila underwent a beautification process, making them visually appealing while maintaining the integrity of the archaeological evidence.
  8. Ongoing Evidence:
    • The beautification efforts from 2016 continue to serve as evidence of the archaeological significance of Veer Bhari Tila.
  9. Historical Context:
    • The findings at Veer Bhari Tila contribute to a better understanding of the historical context of Usmanpur, shedding light on the lifestyle and activities of the people who once inhabited the area.
  10. Cultural Heritage:
    • The artifacts and structures unearthed at the site add to the cultural heritage of Usmanpur, connecting the present generation with the rich history of the region.
  11. Archaeological Preservation:
    • The involvement of the Archaeological Department and the demarcation of the site underscore the importance of preserving and protecting Usmanpur’s archaeological heritage.
  12. Educational and Research Value:
    • The discoveries offer educational and research opportunities, allowing scholars and historians to delve into the past and uncover new facets of the region’s history.

FARENDAHA

  1. Location – Chundgram, Farendhan:
    • The archaeological excavation took place at Chundgram, situated in Farendhan.
  2. Initiation of Excavation (1998):
    • The excavation work at Chundgram commenced for the first time in 1998, aiming to uncover historical artifacts and structures.
  3. Discoveries:
    • The excavation revealed various pieces of evidence, including an ancient well, old bricks, and clay idols of Lord Buddha discovered inside a pond.
  4. Archaeological Department’s Involvement:
    • All the artifacts found during the excavation, including the ancient well and Buddha idols, were handed over to the Archaeological Department for preservation and further study.
  5. Tourist Building (2007):
    • In 2007, a tourist building known as “Buddha Kalin Buddhasthal” was constructed, likely to facilitate and promote tourism around the historical site.
  6. Cultural and Tourist Attraction:
    • The construction of the tourist building indicates the growing recognition of Chundgram as a cultural and tourist attraction, potentially drawing visitors interested in its historical significance.
  7. Local Input – Elders and Elite People:
    • Local knowledge was gathered by consulting elders and elite members of Chundgram (Farendhan), contributing valuable insights into the historical context of the region.
  8. Discovery during Pond Digging:
    • Information from discussions with the local community revealed that, while digging an adjacent pond, a clay idol of Lord Buddha was discovered.
  9. Cultural Heritage Contribution:
    • Chundgram’s archaeological discoveries contribute to the cultural heritage of the region, providing a link to its historical roots.
  10. Archaeological Conservation:
    • The involvement of the Archaeological Department and the construction of a tourist building underscore the commitment to conserving and showcasing Chundgram’s archaeological treasures.
  11. Educational and Tourism Value:
    • The site holds educational and tourism value, serving as an educational resource for researchers and a destination for tourists interested in exploring the historical layers of Chundgram.
  12. Collaborative Preservation Efforts:
    • The collaboration between local communities, archaeological authorities, and tourism development suggests a collective effort to preserve and promote Chundgram’s historical significance.

Badurao

  1. Location – Tila near Badhiwa Pokhara:
    • Tila is situated in close proximity to Badhiwa Pokhara, located in Baduraon Hola Vantail.
  2. Historical Significance:
    • The site, once known as Amarvan, holds historical significance, with elders identifying it as a place where Lord Buddha rested and preached to his disciples.
  3. Geographical Features:
    • Tila is described as a hillock situated in a forest, providing a serene and natural setting for the historical events associated with Lord Buddha.
  4. Buddha’s Resting Place:
    • Lord Buddha is said to have rested on the hillock at Tila, making it a sacred site associated with the life and teachings of Buddha.
  5. Preaching to Disciples:
    • It is believed that Lord Buddha used this location to impart teachings to his disciples, adding spiritual significance to Tila.
  6. Earlier Name – Bhognagar:
    • In the past, the area was known as Bhognagar, and worshipers of Lord Buddha used to create idols to worship him.
  7. Transformation to 4 Vodh Gram:
    • Over time, the name Bhognagar evolved into 4 Vodh Gram, indicating a transformation in the nomenclature of the region.
  8. Present Name – Badurao:
    • The area is presently known as Badurao, with the name having evolved from its earlier designations over the years.
  9. Cultural Evolution:
    • The historical and name transformations reflect the cultural evolution of the region, capturing the changing identities and beliefs over different periods.
  10. Idol Worship Tradition:
    • The mention of worshipers creating idols for Lord Buddha highlights the tradition of idol worship and the reverence for Buddha in the community.
  11. Connection to Amarvan:
    • The identification of Tila as Amarvan aligns with local narratives and traditional knowledge passed down through generations.
  12. Community Heritage:
    • Tila in Badurao represents a shared heritage for the local community, connecting them to the historical and spiritual roots of the region.
  13. Preservation of Tradition:
    • The historical naming and transformation process underscores the importance of preserving cultural and religious traditions over time.
  14. Local Narratives:
    • The information provided by elders and the understanding of the site as Amarvan are integral to preserving and passing on local narratives and cultural heritage.

Mahanirvana Stupa

  1. Supervised Excavations by A.C.L. Carlleyle:
    • The archaeological excavations were conducted under the supervision of A.C.L. Carlleyle in 1876-77.
  2. Discovery of Mahanirvana Stupa:
    • The excavations yielded the remains of the main Mahanirvana Stupa, an important archaeological find.
  3. Statue of the Reclining Buddha:
    • A notable discovery during the excavations was the statue of the reclining Buddha, adding to the significance of the site.
  4. Platform and Shrine Construction:
    • Both the main stupa and the shrine in front are constructed on a single platform, measuring 2.74m in height.
  5. Monolithic Reclining Buddha Sculpture:
    • The reclining Buddha statue recovered from the site is a monolithic sculpture, carved from a single block of sandstone.
  6. Dimensions of the Reclining Buddha:
    • The statue measures an impressive 6.1m in length, making it a substantial and artistically crafted representation.
  7. Posture and Orientation:
    • The reclining Buddha is depicted resting on his right side, with the face oriented towards the west, possibly symbolizing the sunset of Buddha’s life.
  8. Hand Placement and Pedestal:
    • The right hand of the reclining Buddha is positioned under his head, potentially serving as a cushion. The image is mounted on a pedestal with three human figures embedded on the western side.
  9. Inscription and Religious Gift:
    • An inscription recovered from the site attributes the reclining Buddha statue as a religious gift from Haribal, adding historical context to the artifact.
  10. Enshrinement in Mahanirvana Temple:
    • The recovered image of the reclining Buddha is enshrined in the Mahanirvana Temple, highlighting its continued religious significance.
  11. Excavation of Main Stupa (1876 CE):
    • Carlleyle’s excavations in 1876 also revealed the main stupa standing next to the Mahanirvana Temple.
  12. Subsequent Excavations (1910):
    • Further excavations in 1910 brought to light copper coins of Jai Gupta, a copper vessel, and a copper plate. Another vessel contained silver coins of Kumar Gupta.
  13. Main Stupa’s Characteristics:
    • The main stupa is raised on a circular base and crowned with a dome, reaching a height of 19.81m.
  14. Transformation in 1956:
    • The Mahanirvana Temple and the main stupa assumed their present form in 1956 during the 2500th anniversary of Buddha Jayanti.

Matha Kunwar Temple

  1. Archaeological Significance:
    • The Matha Kunwar Shrine holds prominence among archaeological finds in the region, contributing to the understanding of historical and cultural aspects.
  2. Buddha Statue at Matha Kunwar Shrine:
    • The central archaeological discovery is the statue of Buddha consecrated at the Matha Kunwar Shrine.
  3. Statue Dimensions and Dating:
    • The magnificent Buddha statue measures an impressive 3.05 meters in height and dates back to the 10th-11th century CE.
  4. Material and Carving:
    • The statue is carved out of a single piece of blue stone sourced from the Gaya region, showcasing the skillful craftsmanship of the artisans of that period.
  5. Depiction of Buddha:
    • The carved image depicts Buddha under the Bodhi Tree, capturing a significant moment in Buddhist iconography.
  6. Bhoomi Sparsha Mudra:
    • The Buddha statue at the Matha Kunwar Shrine is shown in the Bhoomi Sparsha Mudra, a hand gesture symbolizing the moment of enlightenment.
  7. Protection and Construction of Shrine (1927 CE):
    • The existing shrine at the Matha Kunwar site was constructed in 1927 CE to safeguard and preserve the ancient image of Buddha.
  8. Material Source – Gaya Region:
    • The blue stone used for carving the Buddha statue is specifically mentioned to be from the Gaya region, emphasizing the regional origin of the material.
  9. Surrounding Ruins:
    • The Matha Kunwar Shrine is surrounded by the remnants of monasteries, stupas, and other Buddhist structures, indicating the existence of a larger complex during its historical period.
  10. Historical Context:
    • The site provides insights into the historical context of Buddhism in the region, shedding light on the architectural and religious practices of the 10th-11th century CE.
  11. Cultural Heritage Preservation:
    • The construction of the shrine in 1927 reflects a commitment to preserving the cultural and religious heritage associated with the Buddha statue.
  12. Architectural Elements:
    • The ruins of monasteries and stupas surrounding the shrine add to the archaeological significance, showcasing the architectural elements of the ancient Buddhist structures.

Sri Lanka Buddhist Temple

  1. Joint-Venture Temple:
    • The temple is a collaborative effort between the AIK World Buddhist Culture Association Japan and the Sri Lanka Buddhist Centre, signifying international cooperation in promoting Buddhist culture.
  2. Architectural Features:
    • A flight of stairs leads to the main shrine, emphasizing a hierarchical and elevated structure. The main shrine is constructed as a domed brick building on the first floor.
  3. Main Shrine Contents:
    • Within the main shrine, there is an image of Buddha as the central focal point, serving as a revered object of worship.
  4. Ritualistic Objects:
    • The interior of the shrine is adorned with ritualistic objects surrounding the Buddha image, contributing to the sacred and ceremonial atmosphere.
  5. Dome Structure:
    • The main shrine is characterized by its domed brick structure, a design element that may carry symbolic significance in Buddhist architecture.
  6. Ink Paintings on the Wall:
    • The wall at the back of the Buddha image is adorned with several frames of ink paintings, possibly depicting scenes from Buddhist stories, teachings, or other relevant themes.
  7. Cultural Fusion:
    • The collaboration between the AIK World Buddhist Culture Association Japan and the Sri Lanka Buddhist Centre suggests a fusion of cultural elements from both Japan and Sri Lanka in the design and construction of the temple.
  8. International Representation:
    • The joint venture signifies the global representation of Buddhist culture, bringing together contributions and influences from different parts of the world.
  9. Symbolism of Stairs:
    • The flight of stairs leading to the main shrine may symbolize ascension, pilgrimage, or the journey towards spiritual enlightenment—a common motif in Buddhist architecture.
  10. Cultural Exchange:
    • The temple serves as a physical manifestation of cultural exchange and collaboration between different Buddhist communities, fostering understanding and shared appreciation.
  11. Ceremonial and Worship Space:
    • The temple, with its main shrine and ritualistic objects, functions as a space for ceremonies, rituals, and worship practices in adherence to Buddhist traditions.
  12. International Community Engagement:
    • The collaboration between the Japanese and Sri Lankan Buddhist organizations exemplifies the active engagement of international Buddhist communities in cultural and religious initiatives.

Chinese Buddhist Temple

  1. Location:
    • Situated north of the Burmese Temple.
    • The temple is a prominent landmark in its region.
  2. Architectural Style:
    • The main shrine is a two-storied building designed in a distinctive Chinese architectural style.
    • Features intricate details such as images of dragons, showcasing the richness of Chinese artistry.
    • The presence of a laughing Buddha adds a touch of joy and positivity to the temple’s atmosphere.
  3. Buddhist Pilgrimage Sites Replicas:
    • The Chinese temple complex stands out with replicas of shrines from the four important Buddhist pilgrimage sites:
      • Lumbini: The birthplace of Buddha.
      • Bodh Gaya: The site of Buddha’s enlightenment.
      • Sarnath: Where Buddha gave his first sermon.
      • Kushinagar: The place of Buddha’s death.
  4. Cultural Significance:
    • The inclusion of replicas from significant pilgrimage sites enhances the cultural and spiritual significance of the temple.
    • Visitors can experience a symbolic journey through these replicas, reflecting the diversity of Buddhist heritage.
  5. Vietnamese Influence:
    • The temple also incorporates a replica of a Buddhist temple from Vietnam, highlighting the diverse cultural influences within the temple complex.
    • This inclusion promotes cross-cultural understanding and appreciation among visitors.
  6. Lotus Ponds:
    • The presence of lotus ponds adds a serene and peaceful ambiance to the temple surroundings.
    • Lotus flowers hold symbolic significance in Buddhism, representing purity and enlightenment.
  7. Cultural Fusion:
    • The combination of Chinese architectural elements, replicas from Buddhist pilgrimage sites, and the Vietnamese temple replica creates a unique fusion of cultures within the temple complex.
    • This cultural diversity reflects the inclusive nature of Buddhism and promotes harmony among different traditions.
  8. Tourist Attraction:
    • The Linh-Son Vietnam Chinese Buddhist Temple is likely to attract tourists, scholars, and spiritual seekers due to its rich cultural and religious offerings.
    • It serves as a place for both worship and cultural exploration.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »
Scroll to Top