Kanpur Nagar Tourist Places

The famous Tourist Places in Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh include Allen Forest Zoo, Jagannath Mandir behta, Green Park Stadium, Nana Rao Park, Kanpur Memorial Church, JK Temple and Bhitargaon Temple.

About Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh

  1. Geography:
    • Kanpur Nagar is situated on the banks of the Ganges River and is one of the largest cities in Uttar Pradesh.
    • It is known for its strategic location as a major industrial and commercial center in the region.
  2. Historical Significance:
    • Kanpur has a deep historical connection and played a crucial role during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
    • The city was an important center for the British East India Company and was witness to significant events during the revolt.
  3. Economy:
    • Kanpur is an industrial hub and is particularly famous for its leather and textile industries.
    • The city is a major producer of leather products and is often referred to as the “Leather City of the World.”
  4. Educational Institutions:
    • Kanpur is home to several educational institutions, including the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), one of the premier engineering institutes in India.
  5. Landmarks:
    • The city has several notable landmarks, including the Phool Bagh, Kanpur Memorial Church, and the Allen Forest Zoo.
    • Moti Jheel is a popular artificial lake in the city known for its scenic beauty.
  6. Transportation:
    • Kanpur is well-connected by road, rail, and air. The Kanpur Central Railway Station is one of the busiest railway stations in the country.
    • Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow is the nearest major airport.
  7. Cultural Diversity:
    • The city is known for its diverse culture, with a blend of traditions and modernity.
    • Festivals like Diwali, Holi, and Eid are celebrated with enthusiasm and bring together people from various communities.
  8. Trade and Commerce:
    • Kanpur has a thriving trade and commerce scene, with bustling markets and commercial areas.
    • The city’s economic activities contribute significantly to the overall economy of Uttar Pradesh.
  9. Population:
    • As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, Kanpur Nagar had a substantial population, making it one of the most populous cities in India.
  10. Infrastructure:
    • The city has seen considerable infrastructural development over the years, with modern amenities, shopping malls, and residential complexes.

How to Reach

By Road

There are frequent bus services connecting Kanpur to various major cities across the country. Kanpur is accessible through several bus depots, including:

  1. Kanpur Jhakarkatti
  2. Vikash Nagar Bus Depot
  3. Chunniganj Bus Depot
  4. Fazalganj Bus Depot

By Train

Regular train services to Kanpur are readily available from major cities across the country. The following railway stations serve Kanpur:

  1. Kanpur Central (CNB)
  2. Panki (PNK)
  3. Kanpur Anwarganj (CPA)
  4. Kalianpur (KAP)

By Airplane

Kanpur enjoys excellent air connectivity with other major cities across the country through regular flight services.

Airport: Kanpur Airport (KNU)

Tourist Places in Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh

Allen Forest Zoo

  1. Establishment:
    • Established on 4th February 1974, Kanpur Zoological Park stands as one of the oldest zoos in India.
    • Opened to the public, it has been a significant attraction for nature and wildlife enthusiasts.
  2. Geographical Features:
    • The zoo is spread across an expansive area of approximately 76.56 hectares.
    • Nestled within a manmade forest, the park’s terrain is undulating, creating a high forest-like environment.
  3. Modern Design Principles:
    • Following modern Zoo building principles, Kanpur Zoological Park has been designed to provide a habitat that aligns with contemporary standards.
    • It distinguishes itself as a zoo that incorporates progressive and humane animal care practices.
  4. Enclosures:
    • The animals within the zoo inhabit open and moated enclosures, promoting a more natural living environment.
    • Moated enclosures offer sufficient space for the animals to move freely, allowing them to express their biological and physiological behaviors.
  5. Spatial Design:
    • The undulating terrain and strategic screening of enclosures ensure that one enclosure is not visible from another.
    • This spatial design minimizes psychological stress on the animals, preventing undue pressure from neighboring enclosures.
  6. Psychological Well-being:
    • The thoughtful design of the zoo aims to enhance the psychological well-being of the animals by creating a habitat that mirrors their natural living conditions.
    • Animals are given the space and privacy they need, contributing to their overall health and contentment.

Jagannath Mandir behta

  1. Location and Dedication:
    • The temple is dedicated to Lord Jagannath and is situated in the village of Benhta.
    • It is located three kilometers from the headquarters of the Bhiatargaon Block in the Kanpur district.
  2. Unique Feature:
    • One of the distinctive characteristics of this temple is its unique weather-related phenomenon.
    • It is said that a few drops of rain start dripping from the temple’s roof seven days before the actual rainfall.
  3. Efforts to Unravel the Mystery:
    • Numerous attempts have been made to uncover the mystery surrounding this unusual occurrence.
    • Despite various surveys conducted by archaeological scientists, the exact timing of the temple’s construction and the reason behind the rain-related phenomenon remain elusive.
  4. Archaeological Challenges:
    • Archaeological scientists have faced difficulties in determining the temple’s origin and the secret behind its unique characteristic.
    • The surveys have not yielded conclusive results, leaving the temple’s construction date and rain-related phenomenon shrouded in mystery.
  5. Historical Restoration:
    • The available historical information suggests that the temple underwent its last restoration in the 11th century.
    • The details of this restoration provide a glimpse into the temple’s ancient history and the efforts made to preserve its cultural and religious significance.
  6. Cultural Significance:
    • The temple holds religious and cultural importance, being dedicated to Lord Jagannath.
    • Despite the mystery surrounding its construction, the temple has endured through centuries, serving as a place of worship and reflection for the local community.
  7. Local Impact:
    • The temple’s location in the village of Benhta has likely influenced the local community’s traditions and beliefs.
    • The unique weather phenomenon associated with the temple may have contributed to the establishment of local rituals or ceremonies.
  8. Ongoing Interest:
    • The ongoing interest and efforts to understand the temple’s secrets highlight its significance in the archaeological and cultural communities.
    • The temple continues to attract attention, with researchers and enthusiasts seeking to uncover more about its history and the peculiar rain-related occurrence.

Green Park Stadium

  1. Prestigious Status:
    • Green Park Stadium is renowned as the best and most famous playground in Kanpur.
    • It holds a prestigious position as an international cricket venue, hosting significant cricket matches.
  2. International Cricket Venue:
    • The stadium is a 32,000-capacity floodlit multi-purpose facility situated in Kanpur, India.
    • It is home to the Uttar Pradesh cricket team and is under the management of the Sports Department of Uttar Pradesh.
  3. Cricket Pitch Excellence:
    • Green Park Stadium boasts one of the best cricket pitches globally, contributing to its reputation as a top-notch cricketing venue.
    • The quality of the pitch has made it a preferred location for international cricket matches.
  4. Capacity and Facilities:
    • With a seating capacity of 32,000 spectators, the stadium provides ample space for cricket enthusiasts and fans during matches.
    • The floodlit feature allows for day-night matches, enhancing the overall cricketing experience.
  5. Significance in Uttar Pradesh:
    • It holds the distinction of being the only international cricket stadium in Uttar Pradesh.
    • The stadium has consistently hosted international cricket matches in both Test and One Day formats, adding to its significance in the state.
  6. Historical Milestones:
    • Green Park Stadium holds a special place in Indian cricket history, as it hosted the 500th test played by the Indian cricket team.
    • It has also been a venue for Vivo IPL matches, showcasing its adaptability to various cricket formats.
  7. Test and Limited Overs Matches:
    • The stadium has hosted a notable number of cricket matches, including 22 Tests, 14 ODIs, and one T20I as of August 19, 2017.
    • This demonstrates the stadium’s versatility in accommodating different formats of the game.
  8. Recognition and Popularity:
    • The stadium’s track record of hosting international matches, including milestone events, has contributed to its recognition and popularity among cricket fans.
    • Its role in Indian cricket history and its ability to organize major cricket tournaments further solidify its standing in the cricketing community.

Nana Rao Park

  1. Former Name and Renaming:
    • Originally known as Memorial Well Garden, the park underwent a name change.
    • After Independence, it was renamed after Nana Rao Peshwa, a significant figure in the first War of Independence in 1857.
  2. Size and Location:
    • This park holds the distinction of being the largest park in Kanpur.
    • It is centrally located in the heart of the city on the Mall Road, making it easily accessible to residents and visitors.
  3. Historical Significance:
    • The renaming of the park after Nana Rao Peshwa reflects its connection to historical events, particularly the first War of Independence in 1857.
    • The park serves as a tribute to the heroics and contributions of Nana Rao Peshwa during this crucial period in Indian history.
  4. Aesthetic Design:
    • The park is renowned for its beautiful layout, offering a visually appealing and serene environment.
    • The aesthetic design enhances the park’s appeal as a recreational space for the community.
  5. Botanical Feature:
    • One of the notable features of the park is the presence of a plant nursery.
    • The botanical section adds an educational and green dimension to the park, making it a diverse and enriching space.
  6. Post-Independence Transformation:
    • The park’s transformation and renaming after Independence symbolize a connection to India’s post-colonial identity and historical narratives.
    • It reflects a conscious effort to commemorate and honor individuals who played crucial roles in the country’s struggle for freedom.
  7. Community Access:
    • Being centrally located, the park is easily accessible to the local community.
    • Its presence on the Mall Road likely makes it a popular destination for residents and tourists alike.
  8. Cultural and Recreational Hub:
    • The park, with its historical connection and botanical features, serves as a cultural and recreational hub in Kanpur.
    • It provides a space for relaxation, reflection, and appreciation of both natural and historical elements.

Kanpur Memorial Church

  1. Historical Significance:
    • Kanpur Memorial Church, also known as All Soul’s Cathedral, was constructed in 1875.
    • The church commemorates the courage and valor of British troops who lost their lives during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
  2. Architectural Marvel:
    • Walter Granville, an architect of the East Bengal Railway, designed the church with exquisite Lombardy Gothic architecture.
    • The building is constructed using vibrant red bricks adorned in multi-colored hues, adding to its visual appeal.
  3. Interior Tribute:
    • The interior of the church houses memorial tables, epitaphs, and monuments paying tribute to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the 1857 uprising.
    • These features narrate the tragic stories of young lives cut short, highlighting the impact of the tumultuous events.
  4. Narrative of Betrayal and Massacre:
    • The Kanpur Memorial Church recounts the unfortunate massacre of the Kanpur Barracks during the Sepoy Mutiny.
    • It also details the betrayal of Nana Sahib, known as “The Butcher of Cawnpore,” adding a historical narrative to the site.
  5. Memorial Garden:
    • A separate enclosure in the eastern extremity of the church houses the memorial garden.
    • This area is separated from the main building by an exquisitely carved and striking Gothic screen, enhancing the overall architectural ambiance.
  6. Artistic Features:
    • The church features a beautiful figurine of an angel at its center, designed by the eminent Baron Carlo Marochetti.
    • This artistic element adds a poignant touch to the memorial, symbolizing hope and remembrance.
  7. Post-Independence Additions:
    • Post-independence, a statue and a screen were relocated to the church from Kanpur’s famous Municipal Gardens near the Bibighar well.
    • These additions contribute to the historical narrative and serve as a reminder of India’s struggle for independence.
  8. Intriguing Graves and Inscriptions:
    • Some ancient graves within the church premises bear intriguing inscriptions, adding a personal and historical dimension to the site.
    • The details on these graves provide glimpses into the lives of individuals who witnessed or participated in the events of 1857.
  9. Reflection on India’s Struggle for Independence:
    • A visit to the Kanpur Memorial Church offers a sobering experience, bringing visitors face-to-face with the harsh realities of India’s struggle for independence.
    • The site serves as a reminder of the enormous bloodshed on both sides during this tumultuous period in history.

JK Temple

  1. Architectural Beauty:
    • The temple is noted for its beautiful construction, showcasing a distinctive blend of ancient and modern architectural elements.
    • The fusion of traditional and contemporary design features adds to the aesthetic appeal of the temple.
  2. Mandap Design:
    • The mandaps (halls or pavilions) within the temple have even-level roofs, contributing to the overall symmetry and balance of the structure.
    • Adequate ventilation has been incorporated into the mandaps to ensure sufficient natural light and air, enhancing the temple’s ambiance.
  3. Central Deity:
    • Among the five shrines within the temple, the central one is dedicated to Shri Radhakrishna.
    • This central shrine likely holds a position of primary importance, symbolizing the divine union of Radha and Krishna.
  4. Diverse Deities:
    • The other four shrines in the temple house idols of different deities.
    • Shri Laxminarayan, Shri Ardhanarishwar, Shri Narmadeshwar, and Shri Hanuman each have dedicated shrines, reflecting the diversity of worship within the temple.
  5. Shri Laxminarayan Shrine:
    • One of the shrines is dedicated to Shri Laxminarayan, emphasizing the worship of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, symbolizing prosperity and well-being.
  6. Shri Ardhanarishwar Shrine:
    • The presence of a shrine dedicated to Shri Ardhanarishwar represents the androgynous form of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, symbolizing the harmonious union of masculine and feminine energies.
  7. Shri Narmadeshwar Shrine:
    • Another shrine is dedicated to Shri Narmadeshwar, likely representing Lord Shiva in a specific form associated with the sacred Narmada River.
  8. Shri Hanuman Shrine:
    • The temple includes a shrine dedicated to Shri Hanuman, a beloved deity in Hinduism known for his devotion to Lord Rama.

Bhitargaon Temple

  1. Historical Significance:
    • The Bhitargaon Temple is an ancient terraced brick building that stands as a testament to the rich history of Indian architecture.
    • Constructed during the 6th century under the Gupta Empire, it is recognized as the oldest surviving terracotta Hindu shrine with both a roof and a high Sikhara.
  2. Architectural Features:
    • The temple is built on a square plan, showcasing double-recessed corners, and it faces east, adhering to traditional Hindu temple orientation principles.
    • The presence of a tall pyramidal spire over the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) adds to the architectural grandeur of the structure.
  3. Gupta Empire Era:
    • The construction of the temple during the Gupta Empire places it in a pivotal era of Indian history known for its cultural and artistic achievements.
    • The temple reflects the architectural prowess of the Gupta period and its contribution to Hindu temple design.
  4. Terracotta Decorations:
    • The walls of the Bhitargaon Temple are adorned with intricate terracotta panels depicting various motifs.
    • These panels showcase scenes of aquatic monsters, depictions of Hindu deities like Shiva and Vishnu, providing insights into the religious and mythological narratives of the time.
  5. Orientation and Design:
    • The temple’s east-facing orientation aligns with traditional Hindu beliefs regarding the auspicious direction for temple construction.
    • The square plan with double-recessed corners is a distinctive feature, contributing to the overall symmetry and structure of the temple.
  6. Damage in the 18th Century:
    • Despite its historical significance, the Bhitargaon Temple did experience some damage to its upper chamber in the 18th century.
    • This damage, while impacting a portion of the structure, has not diminished the temple’s importance in the context of ancient Hindu architecture.
  7. Pyramidal Spire:
    • The presence of a pyramidal spire over the garbhagriha is a notable architectural element, emphasizing the verticality and spiritual symbolism commonly found in Hindu temple design.
  8. Terracotta Panel Themes:
    • The terracotta panels not only depict mythological figures but also showcase aquatic monsters, providing a glimpse into the artistic expressions and symbolic representations prevalent during the Gupta period.
  9. Cunningham’s Observations:
    • Archaeologist Cunningham’s visit to the site revealed the remains of the porch and ardhamandapa, which were visible at that time but later collapsed.
    • Cunningham’s observations and documentation contribute to our understanding of the temple’s original features.

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