Hanumangarh Tourist Places

The famous Tourist Places in Hanumangarh includes Gogamedi Panorama, Masitavali Head, Bhatner Fort, Temple of Shri Gogaji, Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji, Brahmani Mata Temple, Kalibangan Archaeological Museum, Kalibangan Archaeological Site, Temple of Sila Mata – Sila Peer, Temple of Mata Bhadrakali, Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurudwara and Shri Sukha Singh Mehtab Singh Gurudwara.

About Hanumangarh, Rajasthan

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Hanumangarh is a city and district located in the north-western part of the state of Rajasthan, India.
  2. Historical Significance:
    • The city has historical significance, with archaeological findings suggesting ancient settlements in the area.
  3. Named after Hanuman:
    • The city is named after Lord Hanuman, the revered Hindu deity, emphasizing its cultural and religious ties.
  4. Location on Ghaggar River:
    • Hanumangarh is situated on the banks of the Ghaggar River, contributing to its scenic and strategic location.
  5. Historical Fort:
    • The city features an ancient fort, known as Bhatner Fort or Hanumangarh Fort, which has witnessed various historical events.
  6. Archaeological Excavations:
    • Archaeological excavations in the region have revealed artifacts dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization, showcasing the area’s ancient roots.
  7. Educational Hub:
    • Hanumangarh has developed into an educational hub with various schools and colleges, contributing to the educational infrastructure of the region.
  8. Agricultural Economy:
    • The district has an agrarian economy, with agriculture being a primary occupation for the local population.
  9. Gurudwara Shri Kabootar Sahib:
    • A prominent Sikh religious site, Gurudwara Shri Kabootar Sahib, is located in Hanumangarh, attracting Sikh devotees.
  10. Hanumangarh Dam:
    • The Hanumangarh Dam is a key water reservoir in the region, playing a crucial role in irrigation and water management.
  11. Religious Diversity:
    • The city reflects religious diversity with the presence of temples, gurudwaras, and other places of worship.
  12. Cultural Heritage:
    • Hanumangarh preserves its cultural heritage through traditional festivals, folk music, and dance forms that are celebrated with enthusiasm.
  13. Connectivity:
    • Hanumangarh is well-connected by road and rail, facilitating transportation to and from the city.
  14. Trade and Commerce:
    • The city serves as a center for local trade and commerce, with markets offering a variety of goods and services.
  15. Tourist Attractions:
    • Besides the fort, tourists may explore other attractions such as temples, historical sites, and natural landscapes.
  16. Local Handicrafts:
    • The region is known for its local handicrafts, contributing to the artisanal heritage of Hanumangarh.

How to Reach

By Bus

The national highway connecting Hanumangarh, Rajasthan is National Highway 62 (NH 62). It connects Hanumangarh with Pilibanga and continues further to Ganganagar in Rajasthan.

By Train

Some of the trains that serve Hanumangarh Junction (HMH) include:

  1. Barmer – Haridwar Link Express (14888/14887) – Connects Hanumangarh to Haridwar via Bikaner, Jodhpur, and Jaipur.
  2. Barmer – Haridwar Link Express (24887/24888) – Another service connecting Hanumangarh to Haridwar.
  3. Suratgarh – Delhi Sarai Rohilla Intercity Express (12481/12482) – Connects Hanumangarh to Delhi Sarai Rohilla via Suratgarh.
  4. Bikaner – Delhi Sarai Rohilla Superfast Express (12455/12456) – Connects Hanumangarh to Delhi Sarai Rohilla via Bikaner.
  5. Jodhpur – Delhi Sarai Rohilla Superfast Express (22481/22482) – Connects Hanumangarh to Delhi Sarai Rohilla via Bikaner and Jodhpur.
  6. Hanumangarh – Sriganganagar Passenger (54764/54763) – Connects Hanumangarh to Sriganganagar.
  7. Bikaner – Bilaspur Weekly Antyodaya Express (22940/22939) – Connects Hanumangarh to Bilaspur via Bikaner.
  8. Bikaner – Haridwar Link Express (14718/14717) – Connects Hanumangarh to Haridwar via Bikaner.

By Air

The nearest airport to Hanumangarh is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport (IATA: ATQ, ICAO: VIAR) in Amritsar, Punjab, India. It is located approximately 210 kilometers away from Hanumangarh.

Tourist Places in Hanumangarh, Rajasthan

GOGAMEDI PANORAMA

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Gogamedi is a village situated in the Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan, India.
  2. Religious Significance:
    • The village holds religious importance, often visited by devotees and pilgrims seeking spiritual experiences.
  3. Gogamedi Fair:
    • The Gogamedi Fair is a significant cultural and religious event held in memory of Shri Gogaji.
    • This fair attracts a diverse crowd, including locals and tourists, contributing to the vibrant cultural atmosphere of the region.
  4. Gogamedi Festival:
    • The Gogamedi Festival is celebrated during the Gogamedi Fair, marking it as a time of religious observance and festivities.
  5. Attraction for Locals and Tourists:
    • The religious significance of Gogamedi, coupled with the festive atmosphere during the Gogamedi Fair, draws both locals and tourists to the village.
  6. Panoramic Views:
    • Gogamedi offers a panoramic view that is described as stunning and awe-inspiring.
    • The natural beauty of the surroundings enhances the spiritual and visual experience for visitors.
  7. Photography Spot:
    • The scenic beauty of Gogamedi makes it an excellent spot for photography enthusiasts.
    • The village’s landscapes, along with cultural elements during the festival, provide ample opportunities for capturing memorable moments.
  8. Cultural Atmosphere:
    • The Gogamedi Fair and Festival create a cultural ambiance filled with traditional rituals, performances, and local art, showcasing the heritage of the region.

MASITAVALI HEAD

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Masitavali Head is located in Masitavali village, situated 34 km away from Hanumangarh in the state of Rajasthan, India.
  2. Entry Point for Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna:
    • Masitavali Head serves as the entry point for the Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna, which is recognized as Asia’s largest irrigation project.
  3. Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna:
    • Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna is a significant irrigation project designed to harness water resources for agricultural purposes.
    • It plays a crucial role in water management and irrigation across the region.
  4. Eye-Catching Site:
    • Masitavali Head is described as an eye-catching site, likely due to its strategic location and the impressive infrastructure associated with the irrigation project.
  5. Apparent Oasis:
    • The site at Masitavali Head gives the appearance of an oasis, suggesting a contrast to the surrounding landscape and showcasing the transformative impact of the irrigation project.
  6. Importance of Irrigation:
    • The Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna contributes significantly to addressing water scarcity and enhancing agricultural productivity in the region.
  7. Agricultural Impact:
    • The irrigation project is likely to have a positive impact on agriculture, supporting the cultivation of crops and improving the livelihoods of the local population.
  8. Landmark Infrastructure:
    • Masitavali Head serves as a landmark infrastructure point, symbolizing the beginning of a major irrigation initiative that benefits the entire region.
  9. Tourist Attraction:
    • Given its significance and visually appealing features, Masitavali Head may attract tourists interested in exploring the engineering marvel and its impact on the local landscape.
  10. Environmental Impact:
    • The oasis-like appearance created by the Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna suggests a positive environmental impact, potentially fostering biodiversity and greenery in the region.

Bhatner Fort

  1. Geographical Location:
    • The Shri Gogaji Temple is situated about 120 km from the city of Hanumangarh and is located two kilometres from the Gogamedi railway station.
  2. Deity and Popular Name:
    • The temple is dedicated to Gugga Jahar Peer, more commonly known as Shri Gogaji.
    • Gogaji is a revered spiritual figure, and the temple is dedicated to his worship.
  3. Historical Background:
    • Shri Gogaji, born in the Rajput Chauhan dynasty approximately 900 years ago in Dadrewa village of Churu District, was initially a warrior with spiritual powers.
  4. Temple Construction:
    • The temple is believed to have been constructed around 950 years ago.
    • Maharaj Shri Ganga Singh of Bikaner reconstructed the temple in 1911.
  5. Architectural Features:
    • The temple stands on an elevated mound and is constructed using stone, lime, black and white marble, and mortar.
    • The architecture reflects a unique blend of both Muslim and Hindu styles, showcasing cultural diversity.
  6. Statue of Shri Gogaji:
    • Inside the temple, there is a statue of Shri Gogaji with intricate engravings.
    • The statue depicts Gogaji as a warrior on a horse, holding a lance, and with a snake encircling his neck.
  7. Inclusivity and Openness:
    • The temple is open every day, welcoming people from all communities, emphasizing inclusivity and openness.
  8. Major Festival – Gogameri:
    • Gogameri is the major festival celebrated at the temple.
    • Pilgrims from across the country gather to worship Gogaji, also known as ‘the God of Snakes,’ during this festival.
  9. Priests for Both Hindus and Muslims:
    • An exceptional feature of this temple is the presence of priests catering to both Hindu and Muslim communities.
    • This interfaith approach adds a unique dimension to the spiritual environment of the temple.

Temple of Shri Gogaji

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Located approximately 120 km from Hanumangarh city and two kilometers from the Gogamedi railway station, the Shri Gogaji Temple is easily accessible.
  2. Deity and Popular Name:
    • The temple is dedicated to Gugga Jahar Peer, commonly known as Shri Gogaji.
  3. Historical Background:
    • Shri Gogaji, born in the Rajput Chauhan dynasty about 900 years ago in Dadrewa village of Churu District, was initially a warrior with spiritual powers.
  4. Temple Construction and Reconstruction:
    • The temple is believed to have been initially constructed around 950 years ago.
    • Maharaj Shri Ganga Singh of Bikaner played a pivotal role in reconstructing the temple in 1911.
  5. Architectural Features:
    • The temple is situated on an elevated mound and is constructed using stone, lime, black and white marble, and mortar.
    • Notably, the architecture showcases a harmonious blend of both Muslim and Hindu styles, symbolizing cultural unity.
  6. Statue of Shri Gogaji:
    • Inside the temple, a statue of Shri Gogaji is enshrined, adorned with intricate engravings.
    • The statue portrays Shri Gogaji as a warrior on a horse, holding a lance, with a snake encircling his neck.
  7. Inclusive Visitors:
    • The temple welcomes visitors from all communities, fostering an inclusive and diverse spiritual environment.
    • It is open every day, allowing devotees to seek blessings and connect with the spiritual legacy of Shri Gogaji.
  8. Major Festival – Gogameri:
    • Gogameri is the principal festival celebrated at the Shri Gogaji Temple.
    • During this festival, pilgrims from various parts of the country converge to worship Gogaji, often referred to as ‘the God of Snakes.’
  9. Interfaith Priesthood:
    • A distinctive feature of this temple is the presence of priests representing both Hindu and Muslim communities.
    • This interfaith approach exemplifies unity and harmony in the temple’s spiritual practices.

Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji

  1. Geographical Location:
    • The Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji is located approximately three kilometers from the Gogamedi railway station.
  2. Deity and Devotion:
    • The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, along with his family, including Goddess Kali, Shri Bhairuji, and the spiritual figure Shri Gorakh Nathji.
  3. Shri Gorakh Nathji’s Background:
    • Shri Gorakh Nathji, a disciple of Matsyendra Nath, was a highly gifted yogi and one of the primary Siddhas of the nine Siddhas associated with the Cult of the Naths.
  4. Religious Significance:
    • The temple features the Dhuna, which is the fireplace of Shri Gorakh Nathji, adding to the religious significance of the site.
  5. Construction Materials:
    • The temple is constructed using bricks, lime, cement, and mortar, showcasing traditional architectural elements.
  6. Idols Inside the Temple:
    • The temple houses a standing image of Goddess Kali, crafted from stone and standing at about three feet high.
    • Adjacent to Goddess Kali, there is an idol of Shri Bhairuji made of black stone at the same height.
    • The temple also contains statues representing the entire family of Lord Shiva.
  7. Samadhis of Yogis:
    • In the vicinity of the temple, many samadhis (final resting places) of different yogis are situated, contributing to the spiritual ambiance of the site.
  8. Guru Gorakh Nathji’s Dhuna:
    • The popular Dhuna associated with Guru Gorakh Nathji is placed atop a mound, serving as a focal point for devotees.
  9. Year-Round Accessibility:
    • The temple is open throughout the year, providing devotees and visitors with the opportunity to seek spiritual solace and connect with the divine.

Brahmani Mata Temple

  1. Geographical Location:
    • The Brahmani Mata temple is positioned along the Hanumangarh – Kishangarh Mega Highway, approximately 100 km away from Hanumangarh city.
  2. Village Setting:
    • Nestled in the serene surroundings of Pallu village within the Rawatsar Tehsil, the temple offers a rural and tranquil atmosphere for worship.
  3. Historical Foundation:
    • The temple is built on the remnants of the old Kalloor Fort, infusing historical significance into its architecture and presence.
  4. Distance from City Center:
    • The temple’s location, being about 100 km from Hanumangarh city, provides both locals and visitors with a spiritual destination away from the urban hustle.
  5. Architectural Blend:
    • The temple’s architecture seamlessly blends with the historical remnants of the Kalloor Fort, creating a unique cultural and spiritual site.
  6. Navratras Celebration:
    • The temple gains prominence during the Navratra festival, a period of nine nights dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga in her various forms, including Mata Brahmani.
  7. Mata Brahmani Mela:
    • A significant annual event, Mata Brahmani Mela, is organized at the temple during the Navratras.
    • The fair attracts devotees, pilgrims, and visitors, contributing to a festive and spiritual atmosphere.
  8. Spiritual Significance:
    • The temple is dedicated to Mata Brahmani, symbolizing the divine feminine energy and holding spiritual importance for those who seek blessings during religious festivals.
  9. Community Participation:
    • Devotees from the local community and beyond participate in the fair, fostering a sense of community and shared religious celebrations.

Kalibangan Archaeological Museum

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Kalibangan is situated in Tehsil Pilibanga, between the districts of Hanumangarh and Suratgarh, making it a notable destination for archaeology enthusiasts.
  2. Proximity to River Ghaggar:
    • The town is located on the southern shores of the River Ghaggar, offering a scenic backdrop to the archaeological site.
  3. Accessibility from Pilibanga Railway Station:
    • Kalibangan is conveniently accessible, being approximately five kilometers from the Pilibanga railway station, ensuring ease of travel for visitors.
  4. Archaeological Significance:
    • The town holds immense archaeological importance, with excavations shedding light on the historical evolution of the region.
  5. Establishment of Archaeological Museum:
    • The Archaeological Museum in Kalibangan was established in 1983 to preserve and showcase materials unearthed during excavations from 1961 to 1969.
  6. Three Galleries:
    • The museum comprises three galleries, each dedicated to specific periods and types of artifacts.
  7. Pre-Harappan Gallery:
    • One gallery exhibits Pre-Harappan finds, showcasing materials from the era preceding the mature Harappan civilization.
  8. Harappan Artifacts Galleries:
    • The other two galleries focus on Harappan artifacts, displaying a diverse array of items that provide insights into the daily life and culture of the ancient Harappan civilization.
  9. Artifact Displays:
    • Exhibits include Harappan bangles, seals, terracotta objects, figurines, bricks, stone balls, grinders, and a collection of fabric pottery spanning different periods.
  10. Pre-Harappan Era Pottery:
    • The museum houses a remarkable collection of six fabric pottery items, labeled from A to E, originating from the Pre-Harappan era.
  11. Structural Exhibits:
    • Various pictures of bare structures from different archaeological periods are also on display, providing a visual narrative of the ancient town.
  12. Educational and Cultural Value:
    • The museum serves as an educational hub, offering visitors a chance to immerse themselves in the rich history and cultural heritage of Kalibangan.
  13. Tourist Attraction for Archaeology Enthusiasts:
    • Kalibangan and its Archaeological Museum attract tourists with a keen interest in archaeology, providing them with a unique opportunity to explore the relics of the past.

Kalibangan Archaeological Site

  1. Ancient Indus Valley Civilization:
    • Kalibangan is an integral part of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, dating back approximately 5000 years.
  2. Harappan and Pre-Harappan Settlements:
    • The site encapsulates relics from the Harappan settlements (2500 BC – 1750 BC) and the earlier Pre-Harappan settlements (3500 BC – 2500 BC).
  3. Established Lifestyle Before Harappan Civilization:
    • Excavations reveal evidence of a well-established lifestyle predating the Harappan civilization, offering insights into the early societal structures in India.
  4. Rajasthan as a Ceramic Industry Hub:
    • Rajasthan emerges as a significant center for the ceramic industry during this period, contributing to the material culture of the region.
  5. Similarity in Pottery Designs:
    • The pottery unearthed at Kalibangan exhibits designs similar to those found in the Harappan civilization, emphasizing cultural connections across ancient civilizations.
  6. Excavation Discoveries:
    • Excavations at Kalibangan have uncovered a diverse array of artifacts, including Harappan seals, human skeletons, unknown scripts, stamps, copper bangles, beads, coins, toys, terracotta and shells, wheels, jewelry, utensils, toy carts, markets, remnants of wells, bathrooms, graves, a fort, and streets.
  7. Primitive Ploughed Field:
    • Kalibangan is the site of the discovery of the most primitive ploughed field dating back to 2800 BC, indicating early agricultural practices in the region.
  8. Archaeologically Recorded Earthquake (2600 BC):
    • In 2600 BC, Kalibangan witnessed the first archaeologically recorded earthquake, marking the end of the Pre-Harappan Civilization.
  9. Cultural and Economic Significance:
    • The artifacts discovered at Kalibangan shed light on the cultural, economic, and technological aspects of ancient societies in the region.
  10. Insights into Daily Life:
    • Excavations provide a glimpse into daily life, including the existence of markets, wells, bathrooms, and residential structures.
  11. Historical Impact:
    • Kalibangan’s archaeological findings contribute significantly to the understanding of the historical development of civilizations in the Indian subcontinent.
  12. Integration of Archaeological Disciplines:
    • The site has played a crucial role in integrating various archaeological disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, and environmental studies.

Temple of Sila Mata – Sila Peer

  1. Location and Accessibility:
    • The old Sila Mata – Sila Peer Temple is conveniently located near the bus stand of Hanumangarh Town, making it easily accessible for devotees.
  2. Communal Harmony Symbol:
    • The temple stands as a testament to communal harmony, as it is revered by Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims alike.
  3. Idol Worshiped by Multiple Faiths:
    • The idol in the temple is worshipped by Hindus as Sila Mata and by Muslims as Sila Peer, showcasing the inclusive nature of the religious site.
  4. Religious Syncretism:
    • The temple exemplifies religious syncretism, where different faiths coexist, honoring the same sacred stone in their unique ways.
  5. Beliefs and Healing Properties:
    • Popular belief holds that water and milk offered to the deity have healing properties and are capable of curing various skin diseases if applied.
  6. Unity in Worship Practices:
    • Despite the diverse religious backgrounds of the worshippers, the act of offering water and milk creates a sense of unity in worship practices.
  7. Thursday Fair:
    • Every Thursday, a fair is held at the Sila Mata – Sila Peer Temple, drawing devotees and visitors from different religious communities.
  8. Cultural and Social Gathering:
    • The fair serves as not only a religious gathering but also a cultural and social event where people from various backgrounds come together.
  9. Traditional Practices:
    • Devotees engage in traditional practices of worship, fostering a sense of shared spirituality and reverence for the sacred stone.
  10. Healing Rituals:
    • The belief in the healing properties of offerings encourages devotees to participate in rituals that connect them with the divine and seek blessings for well-being.
  11. Cultural Exchange:
    • The temple becomes a space for cultural exchange, where traditions and customs from different religious communities converge.
  12. Interfaith Understanding:
    • The coexistence of Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim worshippers at the temple fosters interfaith understanding and mutual respect.

Temple of Mata Bhadrakali

  1. Geographical Location:
    • The temple of Mata Bhadrakaliji is situated approximately seven kilometers from Hanumangarh city, overlooking the banks of the River Ghaggar near Amarpura Thedi Village.
  2. Presiding Deity – Mata Bhadrakali:
    • The primary deity of the temple is Mata Bhadrakali, one of the avatars of Goddess Durga, belonging to the Shakti Sect of Hinduism.
  3. Historical Construction:
    • Constructed by Maharaja Ram Singh, the 6th ruler of Bikaner, the temple has historical significance tied to the desire of Mughal Emperor Akbar.
  4. Reconstruction by Maharaja Shri Ganga Singhji:
    • Maharaja Shri Ganga Singhji, the King of Bikaner, later reconstructed the temple, contributing to its present form.
  5. Architectural Composition:
    • The temple is constructed using bricks, mortar, and lime, showcasing a blend of traditional architectural elements.
  6. Structural Components:
    • The temple features a loft round-shaped dome, a verandah, a kitchen, a Sanctum Sanctorum, and a hall dedicated for prayers.
  7. Main Idol of Red Stone:
    • The main idol within the temple is crafted from red stone, standing at a height of 2.6 feet and adorned with intricate ornaments.
  8. Spiritual Significance:
    • Mata Bhadrakaliji Temple holds spiritual significance for devotees, offering a sacred space for prayers and worship.
  9. Connection to River Ghaggar:
    • The temple’s proximity to the River Ghaggar enhances its serene and tranquil ambiance, providing a picturesque setting for spiritual activities.
  10. Cultural and Religious Practices:
    • Devotees engage in traditional rituals and prayers, contributing to the cultural and religious practices associated with Mata Bhadrakaliji.
  11. Mughal Influence:
    • The historical connection with Mughal Emperor Akbar reflects the interplay of different cultural influences in the construction and reconstruction of the temple.
  12. Artistic Red Stone Idol:
    • The artistic craftsmanship of the red stone idol adds to the aesthetic appeal of the temple, attracting visitors and pilgrims.

Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurudwara

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara is situated in the town of Nohar, approximately 80 km away from its location.
  2. Historical Significance – Guru Gobind Singh’s Visit:
    • The gurdwara was constructed to commemorate the historic visit of Guru Gobind Singh in November 1706. Guru Gobind Singh was the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs and the founder of the Khalsa Panth.
  3. Setup of Camps:
    • During Guru Gobind Singh’s journey from Sirsa, he stopped at this location and set up camps near Chhip Talai, located southeastwards of the town.
  4. Connection to Pigeons – ‘Kabooter’:
    • The name “Kabootar Sahib” is derived from the Punjabi word for pigeons, as during Guruji’s stay, numerous pigeons would assemble at this spot.
  5. Local Tradition of Pigeon Feeding:
    • The congregation of pigeons was a result of the local tradition where people in the area would feed these birds.
  6. Incident with a Sikh Follower:
    • During Guruji’s stay, an incident occurred where one of Guruji’s Sikh followers accidentally stepped on a pigeon, causing harm to the bird.
  7. Protest Against Violence:
    • As the local population practiced non-violence, the accidental injury to the pigeon led to protests and anger among the people.
  8. Symbolism of Non-Violence:
    • The incident became symbolic of the commitment to non-violence in the community, and it is remembered in the historical narrative associated with the gurdwara.
  9. Construction of Gurdwara:
    • The gurdwara was constructed as a tribute to Guru Gobind Singh’s visit and the events surrounding the accidental injury to a pigeon.
  10. Religious Gathering Place:
    • Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara serves as a religious gathering place for Sikhs and other visitors, offering a sacred space for prayers and contemplation.
  11. Annual Commemoration:
    • The historic visit of Guru Gobind Singh is commemorated annually, drawing devotees and pilgrims to participate in religious observances.
  12. Cultural and Spiritual Significance:
    • The gurdwara holds cultural and spiritual significance, not only for its historical narrative but also for its role as a place of worship and community engagement.

Shri Sukha Singh Mehtab Singh Gurudwara

  1. Historical Significance:
    • Gurdwara Shaheedan Da, located in Hanumangarh, holds historical importance as it was constructed in the 18th century AD to commemorate two Sikh martyrs.
  2. Origin of the Name:
    • The gurdwara is named “Shaheedan Da,” meaning the place of martyrs, paying tribute to the sacrifice of two individuals.
  3. Context of Construction:
    • The gurdwara’s construction is linked to an event during the 18th century AD when it was named after two martyrs.
  4. Historical Event – Nadir Shah’s Return:
    • According to historical accounts, the gurdwara’s origin is connected to the period when the Emperor of Afghanistan, Nadir Shah, was returning to Persia after looting Indian cities in 1739.
  5. Sikh Resistance Against Nadir Shah:
    • Sikh forces resisted Nadir Shah’s army, rescuing young women and recovering goods that had been looted during the emperor’s campaigns.
  6. Zakhrya Khan’s Vow Against Sikhs:
    • After Nadir Shah’s return to Persia, Zakhrya Khan was appointed as the Governor of Lahore and vowed to destroy the Sikhs. He announced a reward for anyone who could bring the head of a Sikh.
  7. Massa Ranghar’s Infamous Act:
    • Massa Ranghar, seeking the reward, brought a cart filled with Sikh heads to Zakhrya Khan. As a reward, he was appointed the Chief of Amritsar.
  8. Profaning the Golden Temple:
    • Massa Ranghar, now in charge of the Golden Temple in Amritsar, committed sacrilegious acts by prohibiting Sikhs from entering the temple and indulging in inappropriate activities.
  9. Sikh Reaction – Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh:
    • In response to Massa Ranghar’s actions, two Sikh warriors, Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh, decided to take action.
  10. Infiltrating the Golden Temple:
    • Carrying bags full of coins as a disguise, Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh entered the Golden Temple without hindrance.
  11. Assassination of Massa Ranghar:
    • Once inside, they assassinated Massa Ranghar, seeking justice for the desecration of the sacred Golden Temple.
  12. Legacy of Martyrdom:
    • The sacrifice of Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh is remembered and honored at Gurdwara Shaheedan Da, symbolizing the valor and commitment of Sikh martyrs.

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