Gorakhpur Tourist Places

The famous Tourist Places in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh include Places to Visit in Gorakhpur, Gorakhnath Temple, Kapilvastu, Kushinagar, Lumbini, Shaheed Smarak -Chauri Chaura, Tarkulha Devi and Maghar.

About Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Gorakhpur is a city located in the northeastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
    • It is situated near the Nepal border.
  2. Historical and Cultural Significance:
    • Gorakhpur has historical significance and is associated with the Gorakshanath, a revered saint in the Nath tradition.
    • The city has a rich cultural heritage with influences from various historical periods.
  3. Gorakhnath Temple:
    • The Gorakhnath Temple is a prominent religious site dedicated to Gorakshanath.
    • It serves as a major pilgrimage destination and is a center for the Nath monastic order.
  4. Educational Hub:
    • Gorakhpur is known for being an educational hub with several schools, colleges, and universities.
    • Gorakhpur University is a notable institution in the city.
  5. Transportation Hub:
    • The city is well-connected by rail and road.
    • Gorakhpur Junction is one of the major railway stations in the region.
  6. Famous Landmarks:
    • Apart from the Gorakhnath Temple, other landmarks include the Gita Press, a renowned publisher of Hindu religious texts.
  7. Medical Facilities:
    • Gorakhpur is known for the BRD Medical College, a significant healthcare institution.
    • The medical college gained attention for its role in healthcare and medical education.
  8. Economic Activities:
    • The economy is diverse, with agriculture, trade, and small-scale industries playing significant roles.
    • The region is known for the cultivation of crops such as rice, sugarcane, and potatoes.
  9. Cultural Events:
    • The city celebrates various cultural and religious festivals with enthusiasm.
    • Local fairs and events showcase the vibrant traditions of the region.
  10. Tourist Attractions:
    • Apart from religious sites, the city has parks, gardens, and historical structures that attract tourists.
  11. Demographics:
    • Gorakhpur has a diverse population with people from different communities and backgrounds.
  12. Connectivity to Nearby Places:
    • It serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in eastern Uttar Pradesh and neighboring Nepal.
  13. Agricultural Significance:
    • The surrounding region is agriculturally productive, contributing to the state’s agrarian economy.
  14. Cultural Influences:
    • The city reflects a blend of cultural influences, including folk traditions, music, and dance.
  15. Religious Diversity:
    • Besides Hinduism, there is religious diversity with communities practicing Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, and other faiths.

How to Reach

By Road :

Extensive road transportation is easily accessible from Gorakhpur to major cities in Uttar Pradesh. The primary bus stand, conveniently located near the railway station, serves as a central hub for connectivity. Buses operate from the early hours of the morning, starting as early as 3:00 AM, and continue until late at night, offering convenient travel options from Gorakhpur to Sanauli. Additionally, there is a frequent and well-connected bus service to various routes, including Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi, and other significant destinations, ensuring travelers have flexible and reliable transportation choices throughout the day.

By Train :

As the Zonal headquarters of Northern Eastern Railways, Gorakhpur boasts excellent rail connectivity to major cities across India.

By Airplane :

The Air Force Station is conveniently located just 8 kilometers from the railway station in Gorakhpur. Inaugurated as a commercial airport on 8th March 2003, it now offers daily flights connecting Gorakhpur to major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Kolkata. Additionally, there is an airstrip operated by U.P. Civil Aviation in Kasia, situated 55 kilometers away from Gorakhpur in the Kushinagar district. In case of further flight options and information, Lucknow and Varanasi serve as the nearest commercial airports. For the latest details on flights, it is recommended to check online websites.

Tourist Places in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh

Places to Visit in Gorakhpur

  1. Gorakhnath Temple:
    • A revered religious site dedicated to Gorakshanath, a saint in the Nath tradition.
    • It is a center of pilgrimage and spiritual significance.
  2. Vishnu Temple:
    • A temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, showcasing architectural and cultural heritage.
  3. Geeta Vatika:
    • A serene garden or spiritual retreat where visitors can enjoy tranquility and connect with nature.
  4. Arogya Mandir:
    • A health center promoting well-being and traditional healing practices.
  5. Gita Press and Gita Vatika:
    • The renowned Gita Press, a publishing house for Hindu religious texts.
    • Gita Vatika, associated with the press, is a space for reflection and cultural engagement.
  6. Imambara:
    • A historical structure reflecting the cultural diversity of the region.
  7. Ramgarh Taal:
    • A scenic lake serving as a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.
  8. Archaeological Museum:
    • A museum showcasing artifacts and historical remnants, providing insights into the region’s past.
  9. Planetarium:
    • An educational and entertaining venue for astronomy enthusiasts and families.
  10. Rail Museum:
    • A museum dedicated to the history and evolution of railways, offering a glimpse into Gorakhpur’s rail heritage.
  11. City Parks:
    • Various parks adorned with greenery cater to morning walkers and those seeking outdoor leisure.
    • Govt. Vidhyavasini Park, Indira Bal Vihar, Kusumhi Vinod Van, Premchand Park, Nehru Entertainment Park are notable ones.
  12. Neer Nikunj Water Park:
    • A popular water park providing entertainment for children and students, ideal for picnics and day outings.

Gorakhnath Temple

  1. Origin of the Name:
    • Gorakhpur derives its name from Gorakhnath, a revered saint who extensively traveled across India.
    • Gorakhnath authored several texts that became integral to the Nath Sampradaya’s canon.
  2. Gorakhnath Math:
    • The Gorakhnath Math in Gorakhpur is a prominent temple affiliated with the Nath monastic group within the Nath tradition.
    • The Nath tradition traces its roots back to Guru Matsyendranath, an influential figure in Indian spiritual history.
  3. Historical Significance:
    • The math is situated in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, within a sprawling complex, symbolizing the deep-rooted historical and cultural importance of the region.
  4. Cultural and Social Activities:
    • The Gorakhnath Math actively engages in various cultural and social activities, playing a pivotal role in the community’s well-being.
    • It serves as a center for religious discourses, ceremonies, and events.
  5. Cultural Hub of the City:
    • The Gorakhnath Math is not merely a religious institution but also functions as the cultural hub of Gorakhpur.
    • It fosters an environment of spiritual learning, cultural enrichment, and community development.
  6. Spiritual Legacy:
    • With its association with the Nath tradition and the teachings of Gorakhnath, the math preserves and promotes a profound spiritual legacy.
  7. Premises and Architecture:
    • The math is situated within a large premises, reflecting architectural grandeur and spiritual significance.
    • Visitors are drawn to its serene surroundings and the atmosphere of devotion.
  8. Community Engagement:
    • Beyond religious practices, the temple engages with the local community, contributing to the city’s social fabric.
  9. Symbol of Unity:
    • The Gorakhnath Math stands as a symbol of unity and spirituality, attracting devotees and seekers from various backgrounds.
  10. Tourist Attraction:
    • Besides its religious and cultural significance, the Gorakhnath Math is a tourist attraction, drawing visitors interested in exploring the region’s spiritual heritage.

Kapilvastu

  1. Location and Administration:
    • Kapilvastu is a district in Province No. 5, Nepal.
    • Kapilbastu municipality serves as the district headquarters.
  2. Geographical Coverage:
    • The district spans an area of 1,738 square kilometers (671 sq mi).
  3. Population Dynamics:
    • In 2001, the population of Kapilvastu was 481,976.
    • By 2011, the population had increased to 571,936.
  4. Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre:
    • Kapilvastu, situated 97 kilometers north of Gorakhpur, is evolving into an International Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre.
    • This transformation is fueled by the discovery of relics of Buddha during excavation at Kapilvastu Stupa.
  5. Association with Lord Buddha:
    • Lord Buddha spent 29 years of his early life in Kapilvastu, making it a significant pilgrimage site.
  6. Kapilvastu Stupa:
    • A prominent landmark, the Kapilvastu Stupa, serves as a repository for the relics of Buddha discovered during excavations.
    • The stupa is a testament to the rich historical and spiritual heritage of the region.
  7. Ganvaria: Ruins of Monasteries and Palaces:
    • Ganvaria features the remnants of monasteries and palaces, offering a glimpse into the ancient architecture and lifestyle.
  8. Historical Religious Places:
    • The district hosts various historical religious places, including temples of worship.
  9. Shivling, Narahi, Kubernath, and Palta Devi:
    • These temples stand as attractions, each with its unique historical and religious significance.
  10. Narahi Temple – Sun God Worship:
    • Narahi Temple is dedicated to Surya, the Sun god.
    • It is built in the pattern of the Konark Style, reflecting architectural and cultural influences.
  11. Cultural Heritage:
    • Kapilvastu encapsulates a rich cultural heritage, blending historical significance with spiritual reverence.
  12. Tourist Destination:
    • The district’s transformation into a Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre makes it an increasingly popular destination for tourists and pilgrims alike.

Kushinagar

  1. Geographical Location:
    • Situated 51 kilometers east of Gorakhpur on National Highway No. 28, Kushinagar stands as an international tourist destination.
  2. Association with Lord Buddha:
    • Kushinagar is profoundly linked to the legendary Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.
    • Recognized as one of the four sacred places associated with Lord Buddha.
  3. Significance of Kushinagar:
    • Lord Buddha delivered his final sermon in Kushinagar and attained Mahaparinirvana (salvation) in 483 BC.
    • His cremation took place at Rambhar Stupa, making Kushinagar a pivotal site in Buddhist history.
  4. Reclining Nirvana Statue:
    • The temple in Kushinagar houses a remarkable reclining Nirvana statue of Lord Buddha.
    • Crafted from monolith red sandstone dating back to the 5th century A.D., the statue represents the ‘Dying Buddha,’ reclining on his right side with his face towards the west.
  5. Holiness for Pilgrimage:
    • As the death-place of Lord Buddha, Kushinagar holds immense spiritual significance, making it a holy place for pilgrimage.
  6. Diverse Temples:
    • Kushinagar boasts a variety of temples representing different cultures and nations.
    • Temples include the Indo-Japanese Temple, Burmese Temple, Chinese Temple, Thai Temple, Korean Temple, Sri Lankan Temple, and Tibetan Temple.
  7. Meditation Park:
    • Covering 15 acres, the Meditation Park in Kushinagar provides a tranquil space for reflection and meditation.
  8. Museum:
    • The presence of a museum adds an educational dimension, offering insights into the historical and cultural aspects of Kushinagar.

Lumbini

  1. Historical Significance:
    • Siddhartha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, was born in 623 B.C. in the renowned gardens of Lumbini.
    • Lumbini swiftly evolved into a sacred pilgrimage site, attracting devotees and history enthusiasts.
  2. Emperor Ashoka’s Contribution:
    • Indian emperor Ashoka, among the pilgrims to Lumbini, erected a commemorative Ashoka pillar with inscriptions.
    • This pillar, bearing the oldest inscription in Nepal, stands as a testament to the historical importance of Lumbini.
  3. Pilgrimage Destination:
    • Lumbini is a vital site for both history lovers and Buddhists, drawing numerous visitors.
    • It ranks among the most visited sites in Nepal, attracting pilgrims from around the world.
  4. Bodhi Tree at Lumbini:
    • The Bodhi Tree in Lumbini is adorned with prayer flags and is situated near a pond.
    • Visitors come to make wishes, tying a flag around the tree with the hope of their wishes coming true.
    • The serene ambiance makes it a popular spot for meditation.
  5. Mayadevi Pond:
    • Located inside the Maya Devi temple complex, Mayadevi Pond is where Buddha’s mother bathed before his birth.
    • It is believed to be the site of Siddhartha Gautama’s first bath.
  6. Lumbini Museum:
    • The Lumbini Museum showcases artifacts from the Mauryan and Kushana periods.
    • It houses religious manuscripts, metal sculptures, and stamps from worldwide depicting Lumbini’s significance.
  7. Lumbini International Research Institute (LIRI):
    • Situated opposite the Lumbini Museum, LIRI provides research facilities for the study of Buddhism and religion.
    • It contributes to the scholarly exploration of Buddhism’s origins and influence.
  8. Development as a Pilgrimage Center:
    • Lumbini is undergoing development as a Buddhist pilgrimage center.
    • The archaeological remains associated with the birth of Lord Buddha are central to this development.

Shaheed Smarak -Chauri Chaura

  1. Incident Overview:
    • The Chauri Chaura incident unfolded on February 4, 1922, in Chauri Chaura, Gorakhpur district, in the United Province (modern Uttar Pradesh), during the British colonial era.
  2. Context – Non-cooperation Movement:
    • The incident occurred against the backdrop of the Non-cooperation Movement, a significant part of India’s struggle for independence led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  3. Protester-Police Clash:
    • A large group of protesters, actively participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with the police in Chauri Chaura.
    • The confrontation escalated, leading to the police opening fire on the demonstrators.
  4. Retaliatory Violence:
    • In response to the police action, enraged demonstrators retaliated by attacking and setting fire to a police station.
    • Tragically, all the occupants of the police station lost their lives in the violence.
  5. Casualties:
    • The Chauri Chaura incident resulted in the deaths of three civilians and 23 policemen.
  6. Mahatma Gandhi’s Reaction:
    • Mahatma Gandhi, a staunch advocate of non-violence, was deeply troubled by the turn of events at Chauri Chaura.
    • In response to the incident, Gandhi made the difficult decision to halt the Non-cooperation Movement at the national level on February 12, 1922.
  7. Impact on Independence Movement:
    • The Chauri Chaura incident had a profound impact on the trajectory of India’s independence struggle.
    • Gandhi’s decision to suspend the Non-cooperation Movement reflected his commitment to non-violence and his acknowledgment of the need for a reassessment of strategies.
  8. Legacy and Historical Significance:
    • The Chauri Chaura incident remains a pivotal moment in India’s fight for independence.
    • It serves as a reminder of the complexities and challenges faced by leaders in maintaining non-violent principles during times of intense political agitation.
  9. Lesson in Non-violence:
    • The incident at Chauri Chaura stands as a crucial lesson in the importance of non-violence in the pursuit of justice and freedom.
    • Gandhi’s principled response shaped the future course of the Indian independence movement.
  10. Memorialization:
    • The site of the Chauri Chaura incident has been memorialized to honor the sacrifice and to remember the consequences of deviating from the path of non-violence.

Tarkulha Devi

  1. Significance of Tarkulha Devi Temple:
    • Tarkulha Devi Temple holds immense significance for devotees of the Hindu religion.
    • It is revered as the sacred abode of Tarkulha Devi, the Ishta Devi (personal deity) of freedom fighter Senani Babu Bandhu Singh.
  2. Association with Freedom Fighter:
    • Babu Bandhu Singh, a valiant freedom fighter, considered Tarkulha Devi as his chosen deity.
    • The temple stands as a symbol of his devotion and connection with the divine.
  3. Annual Fair on Chaitra Ramnavmi:
    • Every year, on the eve of Chaitra Ramnavmi, a month-long grand fair is organized at Tarkulha Devi Temple.
    • Devotees gather to celebrate and seek blessings during this auspicious occasion.
  4. Proximity to Chauri Chaura:
    • Tarkulha Devi Temple is situated approximately 5 kilometers from Chauri Chaura.
    • It serves as one of the major attractions in the vicinity, drawing pilgrims and history enthusiasts alike.
  5. Historical Connection with Shaheed Bandhu Singh:
    • The temple is historically linked to the great freedom fighter, Shaheed Bandhu Singh.
    • A memorial has been erected to honor Shaheed Bandhu Singh near the temple premises.
  6. Guerilla Warfare and Sacrifices:
    • Shaheed Bandhu Singh employed guerrilla warfare techniques in his fight against the British.
    • Legends suggest that he would offer the heads of enemies at the Tarkulha Devi Temple as a form of sacrifice.
  7. Public Execution and Miraculous Events:
    • Eventually, Bandhu Singh was captured by the British and publicly hanged at Ali Nagar Chauraha in Gorakhpur on August 12, 1857.
    • Folklore narrates that during his execution, the rope broke seven times, and it was only on the eighth attempt, after praying to Mata Tarkulha Devi, that the hanging was successful.
  8. Symbol of Divine Protection:
    • The miraculous events surrounding Bandhu Singh’s execution became associated with the divine grace of Tarkulha Devi.
    • This incident reinforces the temple’s significance as a symbol of divine protection and intervention.
  9. Spiritual Pilgrimage and Commemoration:
    • Devotees and history enthusiasts visit Tarkulha Devi Temple not only for spiritual pilgrimage but also to pay homage to the sacrifices and valor of Shaheed Bandhu Singh.

Maghar

  1. Geographical Overview:
    • Maghar is a town and a nagar panchayat located in the Sant Kabir Nagar district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
  2. Association with Kabir, the Poet-Saint:
    • Maghar is renowned for its association with Kabir, the 15th-century poet-saint.
    • Both Hindus and Muslims hold Kabir in high regard, as evidenced by the coexistence of his samadhi (Hindu shrine) and mazaar (Muslim shrine) in Maghar.
  3. Historical Significance of Maghar:
    • Historically, Maghar was referred to as ‘Margharan,’ meaning “abduction on the way.”
    • The town earned a negative reputation, and people were hesitant to visit due to its historical connotations.
  4. Curse and Transformation:
    • Legend has it that a saint, troubled by dacoits, cursed Maghar, predicting it would become barren and yield nothing to loot.
    • This curse contributed to the town’s undesirable status.
  5. Kabir’s Meditation and Divine Intervention:
    • Kabir, seeking a place for meditation, chose Maghar despite its unfavorable reputation.
    • It is said that while Kabir meditated, a divine intervention occurred, and rain fell on the barren land.
  6. Breaking the Barren Spell:
    • The incident of rain breaking the barren spell transformed Maghar into a fertile and hospitable land.
    • This marked the end of the curse and changed the perception of Maghar from being barren to being productive.
  7. Kabir’s Decision to Die in Maghar:
    • Kabir, challenging the belief of going to hell associated with Maghar, decided to die in this very town.
    • His decision aimed to break the negative perception and demonstrate the spiritual transformation of Maghar.
  8. Samadhi and Mazaar Coexistence:
    • Kabir’s samadhi and mazaar lie adjacent to each other in Maghar.
    • This unique coexistence reflects the unity of spiritual values embraced by both Hindus and Muslims in Maghar.
  9. Symbol of Unity and Transformation:
    • Maghar, once plagued by a curse and negative perceptions, has become a symbol of unity, transformation, and spiritual significance.
  10. Cultural and Religious Heritage:
    • The town’s cultural and religious heritage is deeply intertwined with the story of Kabir, making Maghar a pilgrimage site for devotees and seekers.

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